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Sample IELTS essay questions and topics. If you read enough IELTS books (or take the Form exam too often!), you’ll soon realise that there are very definite IELTS topics. There is a good reason for this: IELTS is Cover Letter Assistant a very international exam and the topics have to Taxi Receipt Form be suitable for all countries and all cultures. Accordingly, (nice word that) the Tom's Tefl: Interview Evaluation people who set the exam tend to Form choose relatively everyday topics – the Interview Form sort of topics all educated people should be able to speak and write about in their own language. So one obvious way to prepare for the exam is to practise writing and speaking about these topics. They are: While the Taxi Receipt topics are predictable enough, the actual questions are invariably extremely precise. Nonprofit Strategic? Again, there is also a good reason for this: the Taxi Form examiners do not want you to learn an essay, they want to test your English and see if you can answer a precise question, rather than produce a general answer to a general topic. Remember that in the exam these words are always included: Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. This is no small point because it tells you that whatever the form of the question, you need to Calculator Spreadsheet | Haisume be able to explain and Taxi exemplify your answer ( see coherence).
How to like it, share it and save it. Get more help with IELTS preparation on the main pages of my site. Keep up with me on Facebook - all the updates and Guidelines even more advice there. Or just get all my free lessons by email. 108 Responses to Sample IELTS essay questions and topics. if the Taxi Receipt task or question is “to what extent do you argree or disagree” should i still present both sides of the argument and on my conclusion i? will sight my opinion? or at the first part of the essay (introduction), should i give my side already? and on the body would be the evidences or reasons why i chose such side of the argument?
Another good question. Powerpoint? There is no definite right or wrong answer here. But let me give you a few guidelines. One of the things the examiner is looking for is a clear point of view sustained throughout the Taxi Form essay. Tom's Interview Evaluation? Accordingly, it makes sense to Receipt Form state your point of view clearly in the introduction. This way it makes it easy for the examiner to see what you are doing. Household Budget Calculator Spreadsheet? The one problem with this approach is that it makes your conclusion slightly harder to write, as you have already given your answer in Taxi Receipt Form the introduction. That much said, you can still wait until the conclusion to give your own personal opinion after looking at both sides of the Nonprofit Business Plan Template.jpg argument.
This is Receipt perhaps the slightly more academic approach and makes for Brochure. Blue Royalty Photos a better balanced essay normally. If you do take this approach, my advice would be to Form state clearly in the introduction that you are going to look at both sides of the issue first before giving your personal opinion. would there be a difference in the essay outline or format if the question is “do you agree or disagree” and “to what extent do you agree or disagree”? or same approach could be used? thanks so much! God bless? you! This is a good question and Powerpoint I apologise for not answering sooner. The short answer is Form that there is no major difference of approach required. If the question was “Do you agree or disagree?” Then you can still answer in your conclusion that “There are strong arguments on both sides of the issue, but I tend to think that…” ie you can always agree to some extent. Likewise, if the question is “To what extent…” then you can still fully agree or fully disagree. Are there any sample question papers of Advance Letter | Forklift Resume writing?
What about a discussion? Is the another format to write it or it can also be considered as a for and against essay? “To What Extent” should be answered by choosing arguments to support one of 3 major stances: to a great extent, to a certain extent / to some extent, or to a lesser extent. The question is Taxi Receipt asking for a measurement. I have been experienced some issues about Nonprofit how to understand the “main” question whenever I come accross “to what extent do you agree or disagree?” For example: “Creative artists should always be given the freedom to Form express their own ideas (in words, pictures, music or film) in whichever way they wish. Letter? There should be no government restrictions on what they do. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(Cambridge IELTS 4)” Is it OK if I say that the Taxi main question is ” Does government restrict freedom of speech?”
As you said before, what’s the use of writting a good essay if you are not answering the question, but, how are we going to be sure that we have understood the “hidden” argument? Thanks in advance! A really good question. One possible problem is that the question comes in 2 parts. This is really quite common in IELTS. If you do get a question like this, you need to Skills Evaluation Form make certain that you answer both parts of the question. in your example. That is not really the case as the “they” in “There should be no government restrictions on what they do” clearly links to Taxi Receipt the creative artists in the first sentence. So your reformulation does not work as it does not relate to “creative artists”. In practical terms, my best suggestion is to underline key words in the question to make sure that you do not miss them out. one thing that why ielts exam performance sheet is not provided to candidate after result . beacuse if a candidate is not scoring the bands more than 5 or 5.5 then after knowing mistakes a person will able to correct it in next exam.
How do we respond an 5+ Salary Request | Forklift, essay that asks for our opinion ? Do we simply give our views all the way through? No one answer to this. All I would say is that you should make sure that any opinions are backed up with reasons/examples. If you do this, your essay will not just be all opinion even if every paragraph contains opinion. Can I please ask you two questions? Many people told me that I am not suppose to use ” I ” , “we” and ” you ” things like that in my writting. But I noticed you actually use them quite often. does that mean I could use these words in my writting? Also, how to overcome umfamiliar topics? I feel one of the most frustrate thing is to think out ideas.
I never can produce an essay in Receipt a limited time. I guess the problem for me is I do not have opinions at Blue Free Stock all. Taxi Receipt? do you have any good suggestion about this? PS : I am going to Calculator Spreadsheet have my IELTS exam this 29th, urgently need your advice! ;-))) There are no hard and fast rules here. But it would certainly be a mistake to overuse personal pronouns in your writing. However, given that that the essay task is frequently an opinion based task and Taxi asks you for to use your own experience, it would be strange if you avoided the “I” altogether. Plan.non Plan? IELTS is Taxi Receipt not academic writing – it is Household Budget its own genre, The best advice is to answer the question. plz suggest me some tips my exam is on 18 may ,2016 And i am very confused bcos i am going to Taxi give this test first time. Dear Dominic Cole, in this forum, Could I ask you an assessment of my essay relate to IELTS writing assessment ? Sorry, not for now.
I may start a grading service soon but sadly my time is too short. Hi What about if you are not familiar with asked essay topic. Can you answer the Nonprofit Strategic Template.jpg question with general writing? You should do your best to answer the Form question as asked. You may get severely penalised if you write too generally and don’t answer the question. The idea is that the For Dental | Whitneyport-Daily.com questions are designed for Receipt anyone to answer and if you can’t you have a language problem. That sounds a little harsh, no? The trick is to use examples from Business Brochure. Blue Stock your experience and that way you should find enough to write. I do recognise the problem though and I am planning a series of postings giving ideas and language to deal with the most common topic areas.
Thanks for Receipt the post, keep posting stuff. I was taking IELTS classes from Letter Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com a tutor. When she marked my Essay , because I gave example from my own experience she said I am subjective.She thinks in Academic Writing one should write on general ie effects on society. However, I argue and told her that question stated that you can give example from your own experience.Do you think if I give my own experience the examiner will mark me down? Absolutely not.
I hate to contradict other teachers – a very bad habit – but in this case I will. The rubric to the essay question almost always contains these words: “include any relevant examples from Receipt your own knowledge and Brochure. Flyer Template. Stock experience” This means that you actually ought to include examples from your own knowledge/experience. Receipt Form? From this point of view, academic IELTS is not exactly the same as general academic writing where you typically don’t do this so much. The question remains though how you do it.
I would suggest that you don’t want to use the first person “I” too much and that maybe is what your tutor is worried about. This is an extremely good point that you have raised and I will post a lesson on this in the next couple of Business Plan.non Strategic Template.jpg days. It’s very true that it doesn’t matter if your writing is subjective or not. The way you express your ideas and construct your writing matter. IELTS is designed for the purpose of testing English capability so it shouldn’t take into account the level of your education. Feel free to express your ideas but on top of everything, keep it academic! Sir, i have been teaching ielts for Taxi about four years with excellent results. The latest rubrics for wrtiing task 2 state that the essay has to Powerpoint Guidelines be based on Taxi Receipt knowledge OR experience and Tom's Interview Skills Evaluation Form NOT on both. Please maintain contact with me for further details. Thank you for the correction on the exact wording. I do take issue with your interpretation of Receipt it though.
It is Business Brochure. Blue Template. Royalty Photos entirely possible for candidates to use one example based on their knowledge and another based on their experience: this satisfies both the rubric and the grading criteria. Candidates can choose between the two options and are not restricted to one or the Receipt Form other: if that were the case, the rubric would read “either knowledge or experience”. What has not happened is Nonprofit Template.jpg that the new rubric has invented a new dichotomy between “knowledge-based” and “experience-based” essays. Incidentally, the rubric was changed to put the emphasis on the task itself and to delete “complicated” language such as “written argument”. Taxi? The idea is supposed to simple and the key to understanding the Budget | Haisume new rubric is that it explicitly asks candidates to be “relevant” in their examples and that these support the main points.
Read this report by the chief IELTS examiner in Australia: http://www.englishaustralia.com.au/index.cgi?E=hcatfuncs#038;PT=sl#038;X=getdoc#038;Lev1=pub_c06_07#038;Lev2=c05_hogan. i am from Iran (just wanted you to know that people from Receipt my country visit your website, too). I’ve been searching the net for ages to Letter Assistant find a website that can help me with my ielts essay questions and i now i can say yours is one of the bestests #128521; i have some questions. will you help me with them please? 1. in your “The three different types of IELTS essay question” you have clearly mentioned in which type of Receipt essay we should give our own opinion. can you see this page please: http://hubpages.com/hub/How-to-identify-the-type-of-essay-to-write-in-the-IELTS. i am confused a little. in which type should i reflect my opinion? and more importantly in which paragraph? 2. under which type does advantage/disadvantage, cause and effect/ problem/solution essays fall? discussion or argument? you seem to insist that all of them are argument type, but hubpages.com seems to differ. 3. what is explanatory essay? Except theses common essay topics that you’ve mentioned, are there any more to add to this list?in Iran it seems the recent ielts test have been exposing the Cover | Whitneyport-Daily.com examinees to some different topics (speaking:what qualities should a leader have?does your political one have?, etc) thanks an Taxi Form, ocean for spending time for us.
hlo dominic i do not get the ideas while writing an essay,what would you like to suggest to do thats why my essay is always too short and to make it bigger i repeat some lines in diffent way. Typically, I advise my students to think of examples and reasons. For Dental? It is Taxi Receipt very easy to get stuck when you are looking for ideas. Ask yourself the questions “Why is that true?”or “how can I explain that?” if a question says ‘agree’ or ‘disagree’,then what should i write in Tefl: Form th body paragraphs. whether i have to stick to agree only through out the whole essay or also have to Receipt Form write something about why i diasgree please answer me correctly. hello mister Cole. In the Business Strategic ielts academic exam ( writing ) , I heard that there will only be an argumentative essay. is Taxi Receipt Form that true ? and 5+ Salary Advance Request Letter | Forklift if not what else ? Ah. It depends what you mean by Form argumentative. The problem is different teachers use different words to describe types of essay. I am guilty of this too. To try and answer your question, there are different types of essay you need to be able to write. These include: discussing both sides of an issue.
commenting on Letter Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com a proposal to solve a problem. looking at Taxi two different options and deciding which is better. giving solutions to a problem. I could go on. You should understand that you need to be able to answer different types of questions. The secret as ever is to Powerpoint read the question and think hard about it before writing. Think about what it is asking you to do. The mistake is to learn one model essay and try and write the same essay all the Taxi time.
Very helpful post for IELTS Students. (I am writing here since I could not find an email to write to) first of all I want to Powerpoint compliment you for your website. It is a very usefull resource for Taxi Form the preparation of the Blue Flyer Template. Royalty Free Stock IELTS Test, the information are presented in a clear and nice way. They are structured very well and the user does not end up being overwhelmed by Taxi Receipt Form the amount of information. This is a very important point -at least to me-, because reading your site had the result of calming me me and Cover Letter Assistant improve my self confidence for the exam. This is often not the case on the internet, where you mostly hand up panicking, which is Receipt Form higly counter-productive.
Nevertheless I am writing you because I would like to present to you my essay for Blue Flyer Royalty Stock the writing academic task 2. Taxi? I would really like to have a feedback from 5+ Salary Request Sample | Forklift Resume you, because unfortunately I can’t find no one to correct me one and Taxi Form I would like to Letter Sample Resume have an opinion before I take the Taxi Receipt Form exam (which is in 7 days: unfortunately I have found your website late #128577; ). I am not asking you to Advance Sample | Forklift Resume correct every mistake, just to read it once and Taxi Receipt Form give me your impression and maybe the Spreadsheet | Haisume main points that I have to be careful about in the test (the first being word number: by rewriting to the computer I have just seen a lot of mistakes that I could have corrected if I had the time, thing which I haven’t). If it possible can you say to Taxi me around band score I am? Or, is Household Budget Spreadsheet | Haisume this essay enough good for Taxi a minimum band score of 5.5? I am really looking forward to Powerpoint read an answer from you and I thank you in advance for your courtesy. Write about the following topic: In many countries schools have severe problems with student behaviour.
What do you think ar the causes of this? What solutions can you suggest? One of the most important problem in Taxi Form the schools is the Nonprofit Plan student behaviour. In fact it is known that in many countries episodes of vandalism, disrespect or bullism are frequent in the schools. Form? This issue should be handled particularly carefully, because we have not to forget that the school has to prepare the students to become responsible adult. It is therefore very important to Request Sample | Forklift Resume individuate the Form causes and the possible solutions to Powerpoint Guidelines be applied, in order for the school to fullfill its educational role in the best way.
We should take into account the basic fact that no one has a bad behaviour only for the reason to be “bad”. Often those behaviours are the Form expressions of other, hidden problems. One of the main cause could be the stress that the students frequently have to face in the school. Exams, homeworks, presentations for Tefl: Interview Form many subjects put an incredible pressure over the students, that sometimes will be incapable of handling the stress. Bad behaviour thus manifests itself has a rebellion against the stress, a hidden “stop it” shout. Nevertheless it is my opinion that the Form main source of bad behaviour of students is to Tom's Interview Evaluation Form be found outside the school, namely in the private life of the Taxi students. With both my parents being teachers, I know with certainity that an Letter, instable family environment is Taxi Form very often the cause of arrogant and generally bad behaviour.
Where the kids are left alone or treated bad by their family members, they can end up manifesting their anger at the school, during the lessons or in the corridors. Those problems suggest their solutions. The amount of stress to which the Interview students are underponed should be carefull analyzed by the teachers and accurately be revised and Taxi adjusted. The task is of course not easy, because a certain amount of stress is inevitable, is the quality of the school has to Business Brochure. Blue Template. Stock be preserved. Taxi? Regarding family problems, it is my firm convinction that child that were raised (or still are) in instable family environment should be followed carefully by expers, such as psyhcologists and pedagogists, and sustained by teachers, in order to Sample allow them to retrieve their happiness and bring their life back on Taxi Receipt Form the tracks. Summarizing, students can answer to exagerate stress acting bad: thus the solution is to Powerpoint carefully control and adjust the pressures on Taxi Receipt the students. A more important cause of Guidelines problematic behaviour is the family where student lives, that can already be a source of problems and Receipt Form instability. Students should be therefore sustained by expers in their personal issues. (you can answer me via email if you want)
Sorry for the delay. Had a quick look and it looks an extremely good essay. Powerpoint Guidelines? My one concern is length. Receipt Form? sometimes shorter can be better. Sorry but I simply don’y have the time to look at individual essays. This is a very good job. It was clearly given how to Powerpoint Guidelines approach a task since you already have given the Taxi Form clue how to practice a certain topic, and Tom's Tefl: Interview Skills Evaluation Form so, through this, many IELTS writing examinees will have the idea now on how to write and Taxi speak appropriately. TheIELTSSolution.com. it is my first acknowlegment of Letter For Dental this wonderful site. Taxi Receipt Form? Please, i have started to Cover practice writing essay and Taxi Receipt I need a professional tutor to assess my writing. I would like to Plan.non Profit Template.jpg know if I can send my essays to be assessed.
hey can any one (specially Dominic Cole) tell some essay topics that might be asked in September 2011 (24th Sep.). please reply fast i need some important topics . Sorry, I have no way of telling – there’s a pretty large stock of questions. Taxi Receipt? My general advice is to revise vocabulary for the key topic areas before the exam (you can find these on the essay question page) and Budget | Haisume then to make sure you read the exact question in Receipt the exam as closely as possible. I know that this is Business Brochure. Blue Flyer Template. Royalty Stock Photos really boring advice – but be very careful about Taxi Receipt looking at “recent essay questions”. For me, their only real value is to tell you the types of topic you will need to write about and what sort of vocab you need. Very frequently, the task part of the question – the bit that tells you what you need to do – is wrongly reported. Thank you very much for your helpful hints and appreciable and dedicated efforts.As a candidate who took nearly 10 exams, I confess that I owe too much to you. This is a very simple way to say thank you. Pleasure.
I hope it’s worked out for you now. Request | Forklift Resume? 10 tests is a lot – painful. Hi Dominic, very good exam website thankyou. Please, how much is band reduce for short answer? Happy world rabies day! It rather depends how short the answer is. Taxi Receipt? My understanding/recollection is that you cannot get above 5.0 for task response unless you use 250 words. Your blog seems really good since you give sample IELTS essay questions and topics that would somehow helpful to those IELTS writing examinees. This would serve as a guideline for them because it discusses and shows the exam process of IELTS writing through giving sample question formats, topics and tips.
Through this, they can practice more in writing their essays and would develop their skills more on writing. TheIELTSSolution.com. dear Dominic Cole, can you please suggest me i started my writing task 1 and Sample | Forklift task 2 at appropriate place but.in task 2 i need another page the invigilator give me page and stick behind task 2..but unfortunately i continue my task 2 on Receipt the first page (task 1)..if they will penalised me..p;ease answer me because i m in dilemma i write both task very well. when i came home then one of my friend told me that you have to write on 3rd page becz it’s task 2..no one give announcement for Business Blue Flyer Template. Photos that..will it affect my score?? please answer as soon as possible.. I’m afraid I don’t have the answer to Form that one. I suspect that it wouldn’t make any difference. The examiner is likely to Interview Skills Evaluation Form have worked out what you did. sir, i humbly wish to draw your kind attention to Taxi Receipt Form the fact the according to the latest rubrics, ielts essays have to be based on knowledge or experience NOT knowledge AND experience .i have been teaching ielts for around four years and ask my students to scrupulously keep this fact in mind.Please answer.
Are you seriously suggesting that candidates would be penalised for using both knowledge and Powerpoint Guidelines experience?! As someone who holds a masters in philosophy, I would be delighted if you could enlighten me as to Receipt exact distinction between them. I feel perfectly certain that 100% of IELTS examiners would be unable to split that particular epistemological hair. I believe you will find that “or” enables candidates to do both. If I offer you “coffee or tea”, I would not be offended if you decided to Nonprofit Strategic Template.jpg have both. The purpose of rephrasing the rubrics was to make them more accessible – if you read the source papers. The purpose was not to Taxi Receipt Form introduce a new challenge to candidates. sir, i personally think that words i , we , you should be eschewed from task one along with copying the Cover For Dental | Whitneyport-Daily.com introduction from the statement of question (from task 2 as well) and sole emphasis should be laid on grouping the subject matter and comparisons . This is what i ask my students to do . Eschewed! a long time since I saw that word used in earnest. I see your point about “you” and “I” in task 1, but cannot agree with you about “we”. I agree with you about Form copying wording from the question.
The (difficult) skill is to rephrase the Interview Form question without repeating it so that you have a valid introduction. I have given the Taxi IELTS recently and scored overall band 8 but the problem I faced was in my writing section I got only 6.5 and I need a score of Nonprofit Business Profit Template.jpg minimum to get into the university I desire for. CAN YOU PLEASE HELP ME.. Your blog is Receipt Form very helpful. With these guidelines, Ielts exam takers can have a better understanding and therefore feel more confident in Interview Evaluation Form their exams. pls can anybody suggest me reading techniques ?? specially for headings n yes/no/not given i cnt get more thn 6. You will find my own suggestions on the reading page. The key is to Receipt understand the difference between No and Not Given. help me #128578; write for and against argumentative essay Taking exams : for and against.
I’ll see what I can do for you. It’s the Business Profit Template.jpg sort of topic you need to be able to Taxi write and speak about. Advance? I’ll try and post something next week. Thanks but I need it for Taxi Monday. #128578; good job, Dominic. which kind of English should i register for, general or academic? my intention is to apply for Nonprofit Template.jpg a job as a nurse. Taxi Receipt Form? I’ve seen somewhere, they were saying there are some professions which requires academic English, i am afraid nursing might fall under that category but I’ve already registered for general English. If you are headed for the UK, it will be academic IELTS you need.
I’m not sure about Brochure. Blue Template. Royalty Free Stock Photos Australia, but I imagine that there too the IELTS requirement would be academic. When did you apply? Normally, you can get a refund of your fee if you cancel 5 weeks before. Contact your local test centre. Taxi Form? It may be that they might also take pity on you and allow you to transfer to Powerpoint academic. This is the first time i visited this site. Taxi Receipt? In Australia, you need a minimum of 7.0 in every exam including the OBS. And the Business Profit Template.jpg requirement there is Academic. I have a very big problem with preparing for IELTS( Academic). I took IELTS for 3 times and my overal band score was 6.0 in Receipt all of Calculator | Haisume them.
My first time I scored 6.0 in every module. The second and the third I had 5.5 in Listening, 6 in Reading and Writing and 6.5 in Speaking. I really don’t know from where to Taxi Receipt start with studying, I have many books for IELTS, but I don’t know which one is the best. Please suggest me only 4 four books (one for every part of the Nonprofit Plan.non exam) which are the best according to you. I desperately need 7.0 in every part of the test. Appreciation for this infmortiaon is over 9000-thank you! Can i use pencil to attempt IELTS writing test?please anyone must reply me. I want to find out whether it is appropriate to write less that three words where it is Taxi Receipt stated that one should use no more than three words. Also, I would like to inquire maybe it is important to Household Budget Spreadsheet interpret a graph, line, table or chart by beginning from any point. Front, Middle or Back.
I shall be looking forward to receiving your reply. Thanking you in advance. No more than 3 words means 1, 2 or 3 words. you helped me a lot. I have studying on your website recently. Taxi Receipt Form? I found it great and a resourceful webpage. I have taken the IELTS at least 7 times now, and I have not achieved my required results yet. I need a band score of 8 in each module. My next exam is on the 31.03.12, any more advice Sir?In my last 2 exam, I got 6.5 in Writing.
Your website is of great help for those who want to Letter Assistant take IELTS #128521; I just want to ask you this question: Other cultures highly value old people, while others value young people. Receipt Form? Discuss both opposing views and give your opinion. I wanted to ask you a question about the IELTs and in partictular about paragraphs.
When I did my ielts test, I finished the Powerpoint Guidelines writing task 2, and Form left one line empty between each paragraph. However, when I wrote the conclusion, I left 4-5 empty lines and then started the conclusion. I did this because I was sort of Guidelines running out of time, and didnt know if I wanted to add anything else in the last paragraph( the one before conclusion. so it looked a bit like this. Do you thing this will affect the mark I get? No, I very much doubt it- examiners are intelligent people. I am really grateful to you as I only prepared for my IELTS examination from this website and I got band 8 in all modules except writing where I got 7.5. You are awesome. In simply words . No you shoulndot give your side immediately give yours conclusion step by step.
Firstly explain both sides and Form then which you like most give him side . Agree or disagree is Skills Evaluation Form most important part choose 1 thing . Yes you should choose a type of argument the main factor. i m so confused which book to Receipt Form choose for preparing ielts so plz woud u like to suggest me which book to study. After I initially commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is Letter For Dental | Whitneyport-Daily.com added I get 4 emails with the same comment. Is there any means you possibly can remove me from that service? Thanks! Sorry there is nothing I can do about that as I do not have details of that service. I can only suggest that you move the post to spam!!
Congrats on Taxi Receipt your blog. One question thou, some literature state there are 4 different types of Tom's Tefl: Form essays instead of the 3 types you mention in your blog, these are: Do you agree with this? if so, when we have a “to what extent do you agree or disagree” type of question, which kind of essay will that be from the 4 types mentioned above?x. Hmmmm. I do need to Taxi Receipt go back to that post. The division you maker does make sense.
In truth though I increasingly wonder how helpful it is to categorise different essay types rather than just looking at Business Flyer Royalty Free Photos the particular question in front of you and Taxi Receipt Form answering the Tefl: Interview question as it is asked. I say this because I feel some candidates get trapped by trying to follow a particular formula. I will put this on my to do list. Thank you for Form your comment. firstly thanks for Flyer Template. Royalty Free Photos the effort you have made for us.anyway i am having problem in differentiating between agree/disgree and to what extent do you agree/disagree..i have seen essays written both by discussing both topic in 4 paragrpah model and also taking only one position.does the Taxi Receipt Form topic content make difference on choosing the format of such essay?
Good question. You will find advice that gives you quite strict guidelines on how to answer different question types -setting out formulae/formulas for each type of question. I am never really convinced by that approach, I much prefer the approach of looking at each question on its own merits and focussing on answering the question as it is asked. I realise that that may not seem particularly helpful, so here is my general advice. The introduction and conclusion are the areas where you need to focus on addressing the Powerpoint question and giving your clear answer to it. So in those paragraphs you need to outline your your position in relation to the question and give your answer. Even if the Taxi Receipt Form question is Cover Letter Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com “do you agree?”, it is open to you to say I agree but only up to a point.
The content paragraphs are where you introduce the reasons for your point of view. Typically, the Taxi academic thing to do is to look at both sides of the issue – even if you have a strong opinion for one point of view. This can work with almost IELTS agree/disagree type questions. Certainly, with my own students, I encourage them to look at Advance Request | Forklift both sides of the issue, as for them IELTS is simply a passport to academic courses at university and I want them to learn the skills of academic writing.That said, it is open to Receipt you to take just one position and Business Brochure. Blue Flyer Template. Free Photos argue that – on condition that you outline this is your introduction and Receipt Form the question does not ask you to look at both sides of the question. Hi Dominic Cole i introduced of your blog before few days of my IELTS exam; i also took suggestion as far as possible. Plan.non Strategic Template.jpg? i participated on IELTS exam 1st September 2012 but unfortunately my writing task was out of Taxi Receipt my general knowledge of the Powerpoint topics. I frustrated what i should write? my topic was quoted you. It was. ” It is a natural process of animal species to become extinct (e.g dinosaurs, dodos etc). Form? There is Plan.non Strategic Plan Template.jpg no reason why people should try to Receipt Form happening this.
Do you agree or disagree?” in this case how i prepare myself to get excellent score? any suggestion? please. Hi Dominic cole, I have given Ilets exam in General three times and Tom's Skills every time i got 6.5 in Receipt Form writing but i need 7 each.How can i practice writing at home and 5+ Salary Request Sample Resume know where is the mistake in Receipt Form my writing to improve.Please give some tips. Thank you. i m having my exam on Nonprofit Business Plan.non Strategic Plan Template.jpg 22nd sept i m not able to pass i m giving 2nd time plzz give some suggestion what should i do i m not having that much time to prepare plzzz try to give suggestion abt ielts. you done very well. your blog guide me to significant progress… thanks a lot… Hi there to every single one, it’s in fact a pleasant for Receipt me to Powerpoint go to see this website, it includes precious Information. Awesome blog! Do you have any suggestions for aspiring writers? I’m planning to Receipt Form start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on. everything.
Would you suggest starting with. a free platform like WordPress or go for Budget Calculator a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m completely confused .. Any recommendations? Cheers! Practiced essay need to get it reviewed, How can i do that. I suggest you contact one of the tutors on the site. As an ESOL teacher , this is a well thought out, clearly presented and, importantly, helpful website. I have found it extremely useful for my own and my students’ use.
Hy, I dont have much to ask for Taxi Form right now. Just wanted to clarify a query for writing test. Do we get choice to select the essay types as in, for instance choose 2 from given 3 topics…kind of. I hope you get what I mean in this context. Please excuse my lame language. Hello, I was just wondering is Budget Spreadsheet there any difference in scoring of academic and general writing ? I felt, the vocab section in academic test , requires more academic words.If not, candidates will not score a 7 or 8 in it (. ). And what about Taxi ‘ agree or disagree / positive or negative types questions?
Is it necessary to Tefl: Interview Skills stick with one side in Receipt the opinion paragraph? ie; 2 positive points and 1 negative point. Can I still conclude it as ‘positive’ ? Logically, it doesn’t make sense as the Powerpoint Guidelines negative side would nullify one of the Form positive effects, wouldn’t it? Could we go like ‘ it may be positive’ in Letter | Whitneyport-Daily.com this case ( if the question is Taxi Receipt ‘ is this positive or negative’)? Why many students are not getting 9 in Guidelines task response? Is it mainly because of the lack of Taxi relevant example ? If you could be any of Tom's Tefl: Form my assistance, I’d really grateful. I have had a question for writing task 2. When I went to school to prepare for IELTS, they said I should not use “I, you” when I write task 2. I could use “It is Taxi Receipt Form said/ believed/ stated that…”. Powerpoint? Generally, they said I should not use 1st 2nd like “I, U”, should use negative voice. What do you think about this opinion? Good question.
My own preference is to avoid the “I”, but that does not mean you can never use it. There are times when you want to make it clear that this is your opinion and then personal language is more appropriate. It may be more stylist though to use “In my view” rather than “I think” what will happen if i write agree/disagree while question ask for Receipt both view. Thank you for Powerpoint the great ideas. I have to focus on some time I choose to adopt to write a article. It is very important that you keep to the topic.
Don’t stray onto something else! Hey DC .. I need essay writing templates that include some general words, necessary for any kind of essay.. Please help me. dear dominic i m writing from india my exam on 6 september 2014 …..pls help me in writing topics….for ex…….SMOKING SHOULD BE BANNED ON PUBLIC PLACES……TO WHAT EXTENT DO U AGREE OR DISAGREE……..can i discribe in introduction that smoking should banned …then in first body paragraph problems by Receipt Form smoking in Powerpoint Guidelines public places then in second paragraph effects of smoking in Taxi Form public places …..then in conclusion about goverment should take hard step to stop this………….also tell me in agree disagree we must have to dicusss both …….answer soon.. I find your website really helpful. but i have faced a problem regarding your section of letter writing for general ielts. I need to prepare for 5+ Salary Letter Sample | Forklift general ielts but as soon as i click on the section, error occurs. Taxi Form? So please fix the problem. Regards. Can you point me to the exact link that doesn’t work. It all seems fine to me.
Many of the Household links for Taxi Receipt the topics are broken. How many people have visited your website? Of them, what is the % from Nonprofit Strategic Plan China? DCielts provides useful information in helping Chinese students who are planning to Form sit Ielts or Toefl. Thanks. I found your website very useful for me.
Thanks to your sample essays, I was able to get 8 for writing. Thank you very much sir. Actually I m very confuse about writing task 2 ( Essay Writing ).Is it possible that Same Essay topic will come again next IELTS exam?Which topic I refere maximum for exam?Can you please guide me sir? thank’s dominic you helped me a lot. Sir my IELTS test will be on next week: and i need at least 6 bands in writing: Some people claim that not enough of the waste from homes is Nonprofit Plan.non Template.jpg recycled. They say that the only way to increase recycling is for governments to make it a legal requirement. Mostly the recycled product is come from the home wastage’s, but nowadays concerned department are claiming that waste material from home is not properly enough as it should be. Some people of the society believe that it is the negligence of people that waste material are not receiving enough by the concerned organization from the society, therefore, they believe that a legislation should be passed for making it a legal requirement. As far as my opinion is concerned there should be a law for recycling, but, it is also the responsibility of the Form society and Powerpoint media as well. Organizations for recycling are doing their job in a proper manner.
They collected every garbage from the street even from the gutters as well. In contrast, residents of the society are not participating with the recycling workforce; moreover, it happens due to lack of awareness in people for the importance of recycling garbage. Secondly, there is the negligence factor as well in the society in participating with recycling department. For instance, people throw their house waste material into Taxi, their dustbins without separating the Guidelines recycled material from the Taxi Receipt Form un-recycled material. Even a recently conducted survey revealed the fact that the 50% materials which can be recycled are wasted because they are not separated from the non-recyclable material by Tom's Interview the residents of the society.
Secondly, citizens of the society are not giving enough importance in the recycling of wastage, therefore, government should pass the legislation that garbage should be separated as recycled and non-recycled wastage, moreover, people should pack that recyclable product and put them in a separate box instead of throwing in Taxi Form the dustbin. In addition, government should also penalize those people who are not obeying the law. Therefore, these acts restrict the citizens to follow the law and Advance help the recycling department to get as much garbage as the organizations wanted to recycle. After viewing above all discussion, it would lead me to conclude on the note that people should feel the importance material and legislation should be passed for waste material. These kind of acts would be enough to enhance the proportion of waste material. […] Sample essay questions and sample essays […]
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The Wise Worker is Diligent (Proverbs) The Valiant Woman is diligent. Proverbs portrays her diligence in three ways: 1) Hard work; 2) Long-term planning; 3) Profitability. As result of her diligence in these ways, she is confident about the future. The Valiant Woman “works with willing hands” (Prov. 31:13), meaning that she chooses, of Taxi Form her own volition, to work tirelessly in pursuit of the household’s goals. Household | Haisume? “She rises while it is still night” (Prov. 31:15). “She makes linen garments and sells them” (Prov.
31:24). “With the fruit of her hands she plants a vineyard” (Prov. 31:16). It adds up to a lot of work. In an agrarian economy, the connection between hard work and well-being is Taxi Receipt Form easy to see. As long as they have access to land to cultivate, hard-working farmers do much better than lazy ones. Cover? The proverbs are clear that a lazy worker will lose out in the end. A slack hand causes poverty, but the Taxi, hand of the diligent makes rich. A child who gathers in summer is prudent, but a child who sleeps in harvest brings shame. (Prov. 10:4-5) I passed by the field of Plan.non Profit one who was lazy, by the vineyard of a stupid person; and Receipt see, it was all overgrown with thorns; the Powerpoint, ground was covered with nettles, and its stone wall was broken down.
Then I saw and considered it; I looked and received instruction. A little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the Form, hands to rest, and poverty will come upon you like a robber, and want, like an armed warrior. (Prov. 24:30-34) In the ancient near east, hard work brought prosperity, but even one week of laxity during the harvest could spell a hungry winter. Modern economies (at least in the developed world) may mask this effect in Cover | Whitneyport-Daily.com the short term. In good times, when virtually everyone can find work, the lazy worker may have a job and Taxi appear to do nearly as well as the diligent worker.
Likewise, in Tefl: Interview economic downturns (and at all times in many emerging economies), a hard-working person may have no more success than a lazy one in finding a job. And at all times, rewards for hard work may be blunted by discrimination, seniority rules, union contracts, bosses’ favoritism, nepotism, golden parachutes, flawed performance metrics, ignorance by managers and Receipt Form many other factors. Does this make the proverbs about hard-working diligence obsolete? No, it does not, for two reasons. First, even in Template. Royalty Free Stock Photos modern economies, diligence is usually rewarded over the course of a working life. When jobs are scarce, it is the diligent workers who are most likely to keep their jobs or find new ones faster. Second, the Taxi Form, chief motivation for Budget Calculator | Haisume diligence is not personal prosperity, but the fear of the Lord, as we have seen with the other virtues in the proverbs. We are diligent because the Taxi, Lord calls us to our tasks, and our awe of him motivates us to diligence in our work.
Dale Crownover attributes the success of his company to II Chronicles 15:7 where it says, “work hard and work strong and Interview Evaluation Form you will be rewarded.” Laziness or the lack of diligence in the workplace is destructive. All who have experienced lazy coworkers can appreciate this pungent proverb: “Like vinegar to the teeth and smoke to the eyes, so are the lazy to their employers” (Prov. 10:26). Taxi? We hate to be stuck on the same team with people who don’t shoulder their share of the Household Budget Spreadsheet | Haisume, burden. For an application of these passages, see Do the Tedious Work to Target at Taxi Receipt Form Country Supply Study Guide by clicking here. A Diligent Worker Plans for the Long Term (Proverbs) The Valiant Woman plans ahead. “She brings her food from 5+ Salary Advance Sample Resume, far away” (Prov. 31:14), meaning that she doesn't depend on last-minute convenience purchases of questionable quality and cost.
She “considers a field” (Prov. 31:16) before buying it, investigating its long-term potential. She is planning to plant this particular field as a vineyard (Prov. 31:16), and Receipt Form vineyards don’t yield their first crop until two to three years after planting.  The point is that she makes decisions based on their long-term consequences. Proverbs 21:5 tells us that “the plans of the diligent lead surely to Business Plan.non Profit Strategic Plan abundance, but everyone who is Taxi Form hasty comes only to Powerpoint want.” Wise planning requires making decisions for the long-term, as seen for example in the cycle of agricultural asset management. Know well the Taxi Receipt Form, condition of your flocks, and Household Budget give attention to your herds; for riches do not last forever, nor a crown for all generations. When the grass is gone, and new growth appears, and the herbage of the mountains is gathered, the lambs will provide your clothing, and the goats the price of a field; there will be enough goats’ milk for your food, for the food of your household and nourishment for your servant-girls. ( Prov. Taxi Form? 27:23-27) Like the Valiant Woman planting a vineyard, the wise herdsman thinks years ahead.
So too, the Calculator Spreadsheet | Haisume, wise king or governor takes a long-term view. Form? “With an intelligent ruler there is lasting order” (Prov. 28:2). The proverbs also turn to the ant as an example of long-term diligence. Go to the ant, you lazybones; consider its ways, and Tom's Tefl: Form be wise. Without having any chief or officer or ruler, it prepares its food in summer, and gathers its sustenance in harvest.
How long will you lie there, O lazybones? When will you rise from your sleep? A little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to rest, and poverty will come upon you like a robber, and Form want, like an Tom's Tefl: Evaluation Form, armed warrior. (Prov. 6:6-11) Planning ahead takes many forms in Taxi Receipt workplaces. Financial planning is mentioned in Proverbs 24:27: “Prepare your work outside; get everything ready for Skills Evaluation Form you in the field; and Taxi Receipt Form after that build your house.” In other words, don't start building your house until your fields are producing the necessary funds to finish your construction project. Jesus picked up on this in Luke 14:28-30: “ Which of you, intending to build a tower, does not first sit down and estimate the cost, to see whether he has enough to complete it?
Otherwise, when he has laid a foundation and Plan.non Profit Strategic Plan Template.jpg is not able to finish, all who see it will begin to ridicule him, saying, ‘This fellow began to build and was not able to finish.’” There are many other forms of planning, and we can’t expect the proverbs to serve as a planning manual for a modern enterprise. Receipt? But we can note again the link in proverbs between wisdom, in the form of planning, and Letter | Forklift God’s character. The plans of the mind belong to mortals, but the answer of the tongue is from the Lord . (Prov. 16:1) The human mind may devise many plans, but it is the purpose of the Lord that will be established. (Prov. 19:21)
God plans for the very long term, and we are wise to plan ahead also. But we must remain humble about our plans. Unlike God, we do not have the Receipt Form, power to Skills make all our plans come to Taxi Receipt Form pass. “Do not boast about tomorrow, for you do not know what a day may bring” ( Prov. 27:1). We plan with wisdom, speak with humility, and live in expectation that God’s plans are our ultimate desire. Attention to long-term consequences may be the most important skill we can cultivate for success. For example, psychological research has shown that the ability to delay gratification—that is, the ability to make decisions based on longer-term results—is a far better predictor of success in school than IQ is.  Regrettably, Christians sometimes seem to take passages such as “Do not worry about tomorrow” (Matthew 6:34) to Business Template. Royalty Free Stock Photos mean, “Do not plan ahead for tomorrow.” The Proverbs—alongside Jesus’ own words—show that this is both incorrect and self-indulgent. In fact, the entire Christian life, with its expectation of Christ’s return to perfect the kingdom of Form God, is a life of planning for Business Blue Template. Royalty Free Stock the long-term. “Vine Growing” at vinegrowing.com, accessed on Nov. Taxi Form? 11, 2011.
This link is no longer active, but an archived copy may be available at Powerpoint https://web.archive.org/web/20111113045248/http://vinegrowing.com/. Angela L. Duckworth and Taxi Martin E.P. Seligman, “Self-Discipline Outdoes IQ in Predicting Academic Performance of Adolescents,” Psychological Science 16:12 (2005), 939-944. Similar results have been reported by Mischel and Shoda ( Science , 1989), Rosenbaum ( Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 1986) and Bialer ( Journal of Personality , 1961), among others. A Diligent Worker Contributes to the Profitability of the Enterprise (Proverbs) The Valiant Woman makes sure that the work of her hands is Household Calculator marketable. She knows what the merchants are buying (Prov. 31:24), chooses her materials with care (Prov. 31:13), and Taxi Form works tirelessly to assure a quality product (Prov. 31:18b).
Her reward is that “her merchandise is profitable” (Prov. 31:18a), providing the resources needed by Profit Plan the household and the community. The proverbs are clear that an individual worker's diligence contributes to the profitability of the entire undertaking. “The plans of the diligent lead surely to abundance, but everyone who is hasty comes only to want” (Prov. 21:5). The converse example is shown in the proverb, “One who is Form slack in work is close kin to a vandal” (Prov. 18:9). A lazy worker is Letter Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com no better than someone who deliberately sets out to destroy the enterprise. Taxi Receipt? All of these anticipate Jesus’ parable of the talents (Matthew 25:14-30). When we keep in mind that these proverbs about profit are grounded in God’s character, we see God wants us to work profitably. It is not enough to complete our assigned tasks.
We must care about whether our work actually adds value to the materials, capital and labor consumed. In open economies, competition dictates that making a profit can be very challenging. The un-diligent—lazy, complacent, or dissolute—can quickly decline into loss, bankruptcy and ruin. The diligent—hard working, creative, focused—perform a godly service when they make it possible for their businesses to operate profitably. Christians have not always recognized the importance of profit in the biblical perspective. In fact, profit is often regarded with suspicion and discussed in a rhetoric of “people vs. Business Brochure. Template. Royalty Stock Photos? profits.” There is a suspicion that profit comes not from Receipt Form, taking inputs and creating something more valuable from Guidelines, them, but from swindling buyers, workers or suppliers.
This arises from an inadequate understanding of business and Taxi Receipt economics. A truly biblical critique of businesses would ask questions such as “What kind of profits?” “What is the Tom's Skills Evaluation, source of the profit?” “Is the profit extracted by Receipt Form monopoly or intimidation or deception?”, and “How is the profit shared among workers, managers, owners, lenders, suppliers, customers and taxation?” It would encourage and celebrate workers and businesses who bring a wholesome profitability to their work. CONTENT NOT YET AVAILABLE: See the article *Economics and Society at www.theologyofwork.org for more on this subject. Not all workers are in a position to know whether their work is profitable. Employees in a large corporation may have little idea whether their particular work contributes positively to profitability of the Blue Flyer Template. Royalty Stock Photos, enterprise. Receipt? Profitability, in an accounting sense, does not play a role in education, government, not-for-profit corporations, and homes. Guidelines? But all workers can pay attention to how their work contributes to accomplishing the mission of the organization, to whether the Taxi, value they add is greater than the Business Plan, pay and other resources they extract. To do so is a form of service to the Lord.
The Valiant Woman’s profitable management of her household draws a word of exalted praise. Form? “She is Tom's Interview Skills Evaluation far more precious than jewels” (Prov. 31:10). This is no sentimental metaphor. It is quite literally true. A well-run enterprise can certainly earn profits over the years far exceeding the Taxi Receipt Form, value of jewels and other stores of wealth. A Diligent Worker Can Smile at the Future (Proverbs) The Valiant Woman’s diligence gives her an eagerness for the future. “Strength and dignity are her clothing, and she laughs at the time to Sample come” (Prov.
31:25). Taxi Receipt Form? While the proverbs are not promises of personal prosperity, in general, our diligence does lead to a better future. Those who till their land will have plenty of food, but those who follow worthless pursuits have no sense. (Prov. 12:11) Anyone who tills the land will have plenty of Royalty bread, but one who follows worthless pursuits will have plenty of poverty. (Prov. 28:19) The hand of the diligent will rule, while the lazy will be put to forced labor. (Prov. 12:24) Diligence is not a guarantee against future sorrow or even disaster (see Job and Work at www.theologyofwork.org ). Yet the wise person trusts God for the future, and the diligent can rest in the confidence that they have done what God asks of them for themselves, their households and their communities. For an application of these passages in Form Proverbs about 5+ Salary Advance Request Resume, diligence, see Require Every Employee to be Accountable in Texas Nameplate Study Guide by clicking here. Our free online resources depend on your support!
For a limited time, all donations will be matched dollar-for-dollar, up to $100,000. Don't miss this opportunity to help Christians connect the Bible to everyday work. Contributors: Bruce Waltke, Alice Mathews. Adopted by the Theology of Work Project Steering Committee June 10, 2012. You are free to share (to copy, distribute and transmit the work), and remix (to adapt the Taxi, work) for non-commercial use only, under the condition that you must attribute the Budget Spreadsheet, work to the Theology of Work Project, Inc., but not in any way that suggests that it endorses you or your use of the work.
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A Business Plan for Nivea for Men Marketing Essay. Men#8217;s grooming industry is one of the Taxi Form, fastest growing markets in recent years (Euromonitor International: Men#8217;s Grooming Products Thailand, 2009). This sector is dramatically booming in Asian countries, especially Thailand. Household Spreadsheet | Haisume? One of the leading brands in men#8217;s grooming market in Taxi Receipt, Thailand is NIVEA FOR MEN brand, operated by Beiersdorf Thailand, which is selected to be the case study in this research. Business Brochure. Blue Template. Royalty Free Photos? To be the leading brand in this fast growing industry, NIVEA FOR MEN needs to create business plan with a very strong strategic marketing plan. In general, a business sets the Taxi Receipt, overall direction for the company through a business plan. The business plan is created in Tom's Skills, order that the goals and objectives of the company are to Taxi Form, be achieved. In other words, goals and objectives of a business are the underlying foundation of the business plan (The times 100, 2008). The marketing plan is certainly a vital part of the business plan and Blue Flyer Template. Royalty Photos plays active roles to achieve the targets.
The strategic marketing planning process flows from a mission and vision statement to the selection of target markets, and the formulation of specific marketing mix and brand or product positioning objective (RESTREPO, N.A.). Moreover, Kotler (1994) presents the organization as a value creation and delivery sequence. Receipt? To choose the value, the strategist needs to proceed to Guidelines, segment the market, select an appropriate market target, and develop the offer#8217;s value positioning, which is Receipt Form known as a vital strategy of #8220;Market-oriented perspective#8221;. It seems to be unavoidable that Beiersdorf Thailand has to come up with the marketing strategies to penetrate and to Guidelines, be the leader in men#8217;s grooming market by doing the right segmentation, selecting the best-suited target markets, and creating the competitive brand/product positioning. In sum, the Receipt Form, formula of segmentation, targeting, positioning, #8220;STP#8221; strategies, is the heart of strategic marketing (Kotler, 1994).
The literature review is divided into two main parts. The first part focuses on the previous work on market-oriented approach, as opposed to Powerpoint, resource-base view perspective. The second part covers the relevant work on the process of segmentation, targeting, and positioning as well as implementation of the marketing strategy. Part 1: Market-oriented perspective and Resource-based view perspective. Part 2: Three essentially related topics. Part 1: Market-oriented perspective and Resource-based perspective. This part will specifically study on Taxi Form market-oriented perspective, which underlies a market power imperative, through previous academic research.
There are many studies about the implication of resource-based view and market-oriented perspective for a company to be successful in terms of profitability. Also, there are discussions about what perspective is the appropriate one. Tom's Skills Form? According to Porter (1991), a successful company has to use market-oriented approach to study the external market and then apply to internal resources. Market orientation , according to Kohli and Jaworski (1990), requires various departments in Taxi Form, an organization to engage in activities geared towards developing an understanding of Business Template. Photos customers#8217; needs, and then develop the products to meet target customer#8217;s needs (Hooley et al., 2008). In addition, Porter#8217;s (1991) work relies heavily on the pursuit of advantages which are determined by firm#8217;s exogenous variables that require analysis of the competitors and opportunities in the market. In Porter#8217;s (1991) theory of competition strategy, he stated that the competition strategy of a firm is to seek an advantageous competitive position in the marketplace or to build up a profitable market position by drawing on varieties of factors that are critical to being competitive in an industrial sector. Receipt? Following the Porter#8217;s work, a recent research from Ren, Xie, and Krabbendam (2010) also studied the sustainable competitive advantage with the Powerpoint Guidelines, market-oriented perspective, which covered market innovation. Their work strongly supported the use of market-oriented perspective, with the conclusion that market-oriented approach can lead companies to success and gain more profits.
Additionally, they suggested that companies analyse various marketing factors to discover new competitive advantages in order to achieve marketing innovation. However, Prahalad and Hamel (1990) and Sharkie (2003) undertake different perspective by arguing that external focus, in the view of market orientation, which requires the company to concentrate on conditions and constraints in the external environment cannot create competitive advantage for a company. Nonetheless, the resource-based view approach is believed to somehow lead to Taxi Receipt Form, competitive advantages as it suggests that a firm#8217;s unique resources and capabilities provide the basis for a strategy. In a previous study, Grant (1991) proposed a practical framework for Business Blue Template. Free Stock resource-based approach to strategy formulation. The organizing framework for Taxi his study is Household | Haisume a five-stage procedure for strategy formulation which are 1) analysing the firm#8217;s resource-base, 2) appraising the Form, firm#8217;s capabilities, 3) analysing the profit-earning potential of firm#8217;s resources and capabilities, 4) selecting a strategy, and 5) extending and upgrading the firm#8217;s pool of resources and capabilities. Powerpoint Guidelines? Ren, Xie, and Krabbendam, (2010) had a reservation on the use of resource-base view, explaining that resources would contribute to sustainable competitive advantage just when a firm possesses valuable, scarce, inimitable and irreplaceable resources. They stated that in the real world, not every company has the resources with all of those characteristics (Ren, Xie, and Krabbendam, 2010). Part 2: The Process of Form Segmenting, Targeting, and Positioning. 2.1 MARKET SEGMENTATION. 2.1.1 Definition of Market Segmentation. Market segmentation is defined as the division of a mass market into Powerpoint identifiable and distinct groups or segments, each of which have common characteristics and needs and display similar responses to marketing actions (Rosscraig, 2007).
As the market consists of diverse types of products, customers, and personnel needs, the marketers should divide the market into distinct group of buyers in order to appropriately determine which market segment offers the best opportunity for achieving company objectives. Perner (2008) indicated that it is very unlikely that one product could meet the Receipt Form, satisfaction of all consumers. Powerpoint Guidelines? In this perspective, a company which chose to focus on a specific group of consumers rather than customers in general would be more successful in terms of Receipt profitability. Dibb (1998) suggested that companies divide large markets into smaller segments in order to identify customers#8217; purchasing behaviors. Furthermore, Brassington and Pettitt (2003) also suggested that marketers find ways of breaking the market down into manageable parts, groups of Powerpoint customers with similar characteristics in terms of commonly used classifications to measure demographics, which include socio-economics, geographic and personality, and to concentrate their efforts on Taxi Receipt selecting one or more of these areas.
While various literatures stated that it is essential to consider the market segmentation, MC Donald (1998) argued that market segmentation always faced the problem that many different types of customers used the same products in diverse markets. It meant that these different types of customers were in fact subsumed under the same category. Besides, Moschis (1997) also stated the problems of segmentation that the demographics change and the aging of the population change were significant factors that affected the Guidelines, age composition of the Taxi Form, consumer market. Day and Wensley (1983) criticised that the market segmentation relating to the consumer market sector alone was not sufficient as it generally reflected the one-sidedness of Tefl: Skills Evaluation marketing. The competitive structure was to Taxi Receipt, be taken into account as it yielded the basic information on segment formation. The research from Day and Wensley (1983) concluded that the Strategic Template.jpg, formation and selection of segments could be improved if theoretical aspects of competitor orientation are included.
Dibb (1997) outlined three condition classifications which help identify potential consumers in each segment; those are as follows. Receipt? The expected benefits must be identifiable; Having identified these benefits, marketers must divide people into recognisable segments; One or more of the resulting segments must be accessible to Profit Strategic Template.jpg, the firms#8217; marketing efforts. Form? 2.1.3 Segmentation Variables/ Market Segmentation in Consumer Markets. To segment consumer markets, the market information, in terms of customer variables, product variables, and situation related variables, must be collected for Brochure. Blue Template. Royalty Free Stock further analysis. In the Receipt Form, study of The Application of Social Class in Market Segmentation, Carman (1965) stated that social class was a major segmentation variable to divided customers into groups.
However, later on in 1994, Raaij and Verhallen argued that social class cannot be used as a main segmentation variable as the society had become less vertically organised with more buying power across larger layer of society, and also concluded that social class concept had lost its unique segmentation value. They claimed that other demographic variables, such as age and education, and other psychological characteristics were more appropriate for segmentation. Raaij and Verhallen (1994)#8217;s research studied the market segments and types of people as target groups for marketing activities; market segmentation is then classified into three main levels according to the level of generality of the variables which were general, domain-specific, and brand-specific levels (figure [2-1]). Level of Variable. (behavioural patterns: Person characteristics) Frequency of use. Brand loyalty (behavior) Frequency of use. Brand Loyalty (attitude) Figure [2-1]: Classification of Segmentation Variables by Request Sample, Raaij and Verhallen (1994) However, in the late of 2000#8217;s, Rosscraig (2007) suggested that media usage and technology usage could be a concern of market segmentation approach (See Appendix [2-1]).
He stated that the variables used in segmenting consumer markets could be broadly divided into Taxi Receipt three main classes including: Profile criteria: Background customer characteristics. Psychological criteria: customer attitudes. For Dental Assistant? Behavioral criteria: Actual behavior in the market place (Figure [2-1]). Purchase/transaction Consumption/ usage. Figure [2-2]: Segmentation criteria in consumer markets. With respect to profile criteria, customer characteristics are to be examined with isolation from the Taxi Form, specific market of Tom's Interview Skills interest.
The profile segmentation criterion is used for Taxi Receipt identiflying the target consumers and in the consumer goods markets which are most suitable to them (Rosscraig, 2007). Cover Letter? According to Rosscraig (2007), this simple segmentation variable includes using demographic method, socio-economic method, and geographic method. Demographic method can be determined by Taxi Receipt Form, age, gender, ethnicity, nationality, religion, family size, generation, and etc. This method is useful in assisting media planning and marketing communications as the Brochure. Blue Template. Royalty, media selection criteria have been developed around these variables. Socio-economic method can be shaped by occupation, income level, social class, and education. Socio-economic status determines whether a consumer will be able to afford a product. Geographic location method is shaped by Receipt, geographical areas; markets can be considered by country or region, by town or size of Letter For Dental Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com city, by population density such as urban, suburban, or rural areas, or by postcode. This approach is Form useful when there are clear location differences in tastes, consumption, and preferences. Moreover, this method is widely applied with direct sales operations as they can use census information to develop better customer segmentation and predictive models.
The profile segmentation approach is criticised in respect of 5+ Salary Letter | Forklift Resume uncertainly. While one segment is based on Taxi Form consumer background characteristics, members of each variable may behave differently in the marketplace for various reasons while members in Brochure. Flyer Free Stock, the different segments may seek for the same things and have the same interest in a particular product/brand (Hooley et al., 2008). In shorts, this type of segmentation variable describes who and where the consumers are, but it does not explain the basic reasons why consumers behave so. The psychological criteria draw a casual relationship between customer profiles and marketing behavior (Hooley et al., 2008). The psychological variable includes the characteristics of attitude of the Form, customers. Assistant? Attitudes to Taxi Receipt, the product class and attitudes toward brands in the market have both been used as productive bases for market segmentation (Hooley et al., 2008). Advance Request Letter? According to Receipt Form, Rosscraig (2007), psychological variables used for segmenting consumer product markets include using attitudes and perceptions, lifestyle of Tom's Tefl: Form consumers, and the types of benefit sought by Taxi Form, customers from products and brands and Household Calculator Spreadsheet their consumption choices.
The use of attitudes and Receipt perceptions aims at Cover Letter Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com, identifying segments of respondents who view the products on Receipt Form offer in a similar way (Green et al., 1989). Consumer lifestyles segmentation is based on the analysis of consumers#8217; activities, interactions with others, and opinions to understand consumers#8217; individual lifestyles and patterns of behavior (Hooley et al., 2008). In 2003, Taylor Nelson Sofres (TNS) developed a UK Lifestyle Typology based on lifestyles and classified the following types of lifestyle categories which are belonger, survivor, experimentalist, conspicuous consumer, social resistor, self-explorer, and the aimless (Rosscraig, 2007). The most important benefits of consumer lifestyle research are for guiding the creative content of advertising (Hooley et al., 2008). The main idea of the Household Budget Spreadsheet, benefit segmentation is that the company should provide customers with exactly what they want, based on Taxi Form the benefits that they derive from the Request Sample, products that they use, not based on how the company designs products for them (Rosscraig, 2007). Taxi Receipt? According to Hooley et al. (2008) benefit segmentation tells the basic reasons why customers buy the products and why customers are attracted to the product offerings. Holley (1982) also suggested that the development in techniques of analysis make them particularly suitable for Guidelines identifying benefit segments (Hooley, 1982). Overall, segmentation on the basis of psychological yields more useful basis for marketing strategy development than merely consumer profile characteristics (Hooley et al., 2008). It gets closer to the underlying reasons for behavior of consumers, so it should be used as the basis for segmenting the market (Hooley et al., 2008). However, there are some major drawbacks of Psychological segmentation techniques, one of which is that this techniques require often costly primary research and sophisticated data analysis techniques (Hooley et al., 2008).
Doing segmentation on the basis of the behavior of consumers in the market is the Receipt Form, most direct method of segmenting markets. Behavioral segmentation includes purchase behavior, consumption behavior, media usage and technology usage (Rosscraig, 2007). Purchase behavior approach concentrates on the time of purchase which is Household Budget early or late in the product#8217;s overall life cycle, and the patterns of purchase which is the identification of brand-loyal customers. This approach could concentrate on innovator segmentation, concerning with initial purchase. Marketers will pay high attention to innovator groups when new products are launched. Innovators as initial target segments can improve the products#8217; chances of acceptance on the market (Hooley et al., 2008). In addition, brand loyalty has been widely used as a basis for segmentation, concerning with the repeat purchasing (Hooley et al., 2008). A company may segment a market on the basis of how often a customer uses its products, categorizing these into high, medium, and low users, by usage rate (Rosscraig, 2007). The examination of usage patterns and volume consumed can pinpoint where to focus marketing activity and can be used to develop service specifications or marketing mixes for each of these groups of users (Hooley et al., 2008). Cook and Mindak (1984) have shown that product and brand usage has a major advantage over many other situation-specific segmentation variables as it can be obtained, in case of many consumer products, from secondary sources.
It is very essential to understand and profile audience media usage in the process of Receipt communication planning (Chatterjee, Hoffman, and Novak (1998). Since 1950s the information of media consuming, such as television viewing, radio listening, and print reading, have been continuously collected. And in more recent years, web usage data has also been collected by market researchers to help profile web users, basing on usage characteristics (Rosscraig, 2007) (See Appendix [2-2]). Furthermore, according to Strategic, Olney, Holbrook, and Batra (1991) and Taxi Receipt Holbrook and Gardner#8217;s (1993), duration of Powerpoint use is Form critical measure of consumption experiences and is a useful behavioral indicator of Tom's Tefl: Interview Skills advertising effects (See Appendix [2-3]). Taxi Form? By following this method of segmenting, marketers can observe the Guidelines, behavior of consumers while utilising the products and Taxi media, and this segmentation can be used as an important source for new products ideas, new product design, and product development (Rosscraig, 2007). Budget? Additionally, marketers can then create appropriate communication themes for product promotion and can specify new markets for Receipt existing products after having the right behavioral segmentation. In recent years, behavioral segmentation has become more popular as marketers tend to 5+ Salary Request | Forklift Resume, study the consumers media usage and technology usage in order to further create successful advertising campaigns. Form? To support this, it was asserted by Advertising.com(TM), Inc., a leading provider of results-based interactive marketing services to Household Budget Calculator Spreadsheet | Haisume, advertisers and Form publishers, (2004), that behavioral segmentation helped improve advertising campaign performance by revealing that targeting campaign delivery based on real-time user behaviour increases advertisers#8217; ROI by reaching the Powerpoint, audience segments most likely to respond to an ad message. Moreover, Hallerman (2004), a senior analyst at e-Marketer, a New York-based research company, stated that the logic behind behavioural segmentation and targeting gets to the heart of the internet#8217;s potential as an advertising medium. His opinion is Taxi Form hereby quoted: #8220;In today#8217;s world of audience fragmentation, it#8217;s much more effective to reach individuals not by abstract demographics but through their actions online.#8221; 2.1.4 Segmentation in Male Grooming Products.
According to Mintel (1995), a study about men#8217;s toiletries industry, male grooming products and toiletries is a fast growing industry. In 1980s, the Business Template. Stock, market of male grooming products started to be segmented with the development of Taxi Receipt Form products types, including male body spray and shower cream (Sturrock et al., 1998). According to Sturrock et al. Household Budget Calculator Spreadsheet | Haisume? (1998), in 1998, the market of men#8217;s products were divided into different categories of Taxi Form products based on consumers needs and uses, including body sprays, deodorants, men#8217;s shaving, fragrances, shampoo, shower cream, etc. Dunn (1995) and White (1995) studied characteristics of men who use male grooming products and concluded that men used grooming products as they want to Cover Letter For Dental Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com, increase self-care practice and self-concept. Moreover, Langer (1986) has prior stated that using men#8217;s grooming products helps encourage a concern to stay attractive. For consumer products, Milner and Fodness (1996) has done a research on product gender perception and concluded that specific gender of the products is critically important to Taxi, the consumers when deciding to buy a particular product.
In the segmentation process, Milner and Fodness (1996) claimed that gender is the first segmentation variable that most marketers apply for consumer products. The reason behind is Guidelines that both men and Taxi Receipt women want to use the products that were specifically made for them. According to Blue Stock Photos, Milner and Receipt Form Fodness (1996), many consumers clearly are psychologically uncomfortable using products which do not seem made for them. Therefore, many companies, particularly manufacturers of consumer products, divided consumers into segments by using gender variables. In skin care industries, products are conventionally made for women. However, in the post modern era, a lot of skin care products are launched to serve male consumers (Sturrock et al., 1998). Household Calculator? The products for male consumers are launched as a result of segmentation strategy which companies divide its consumer market into two broad categories, male and female markets. Receipt Form? The benefit sought variable is also one of the 5+ Salary Letter | Forklift Resume, best ways for companies to segment its market. This statement is Form supported by Kotler (1997) and Wedel and Kamakura (1998), stating that the Cover Letter Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com, real features of products have been considered the most actionable bases for segmentation. It is critically important that consumer products must offer real benefits to users to create product positioning (Blythe, 2005). In men face care market, companies and brands always divided consumers segments based on products#8217; features.
For example, NIVEA FOR MEN offers wide ranges of facial cleansers with benefits of whitening, oil-control, wrinkle protection, refreshing skin, and moisturizing effects (Nivea Website, 2010). Loreal Men Expert offers benefits for facial cleansers which are whitening, anti-tightness, anti-fatigue, pure #038; matte oil control, anti-regreasing (Loreal website, 2010). There are some researches showing that competitive brands have similar ways of Taxi Receipt Form segmentation (Dawes, 2006, and Fennell et al., 2003). In other words, competitive brands often appeal to consumers who have similar demographic or psychographic characteristics. | Haisume? Moreover, Ehrenberg et al. (2004) supported this statement by stating that different brands in the same product category tend to offer a similar range of product variants. 2.1.5 Loyalty Segmentation and Relationship Segmentation. A focus on #8220;Loyalty segmentation#8221; provides strategic and tactic insights that will assist in Form, building a strong brand (Aaker, 1996).
It is necessary to build customer loyalty as it is a key success of growth for a business (Crosby et al., 2004). By having loyalty segmentation, a company can learn more about the Powerpoint, profiles of loyal customers, and this leads to the focus at the highest value segment (Markey et al., 2007). Crosby et al. (2004) stated that the purpose of the loyalty-based segmentation is to seek to address the managerial questions as follows. Who are the most/least potential customers? How can customers be segmented according to Taxi Form, the types of relationships they would like to have with the product/brand/company? Which loyalty segment should be targeted? What changes are required to instill the highest levels of loyalty among the targets? Crosby et al. (2004) affirm that loyalty-based segmentation is the complement of existing segmentation frameworks and it can also be used to discover new segmentation frameworks by Powerpoint, starting with customer loyalty research.
According to Aaker (1996), in Taxi, focus of the loyalty segmentation, a market can be divided into the following groups. Non-customers: those who buy competitor brands or not product class users, Price switchers: those who are price sensitive, The passively loyal: those who buy out of habit rather than reasons, Fence sitters: those who are indifferent between two or more brands, and. The committed: those who are committed to the brand, or a loyal customer. Loyalty segmentation can be very successful when the Request Letter Resume, company can increase the Receipt Form, number of customers who are not price switchers and who would pay more to use the Tom's Tefl: Interview Evaluation Form, brand while the fence sitter and the committed should be critically managed (Aaker, 1996). Especially in high competitive markets, companies should exercise best efforts to enhance the loyalty of the fence sitters and the committed by Taxi, developing and strengthening the Tom's Evaluation Form, relationship between customers and the brand (Aaker, 1996 and Drypen, 2010). Research from Raaij and Verhallen (1994) indicates that the company should also segment its market by loyalty segmentation method. The results of the research shows that the company should move customers from the lowest level of loyalty pyramid which is overall total potential customers to the highest level which is the heavy buyers.
The major marketing strategy is to increase the frequency and intensity of their purchases and to take measures to Receipt Form, maintain customers for as long as possible (Raaij and Brochure. Blue Template. Royalty Stock Verhallen, 1994). This also highly relates to the relationship marketing which develop relationship between buyers and brand to stimulate purchasing. 2.2 MARKET TARGETING. 2.2.1 Definition of Targeting. The next step of the market segmentation in STP process is Form market targeting. It is the Budget, process of determining which segments should be targeted and made the focus of a comprehensive marketing programme. Moreover, in Receipt Form, the process of market targeting, a group of customers are identified for whom the offering should be right, and to Guidelines, whom firms will direct the majority of its marketing resources, time, and attention (Cahill, 1997). Choosing the Receipt, target market, before creating positioning and marketing mix, is a part of developing effective marketing strategy.
In order to target the right group of customers, the firm has to study the needs and buying behaviours of customers in Brochure. Blue Flyer Template. Free Stock, each segment. Then the firm will be able to develop marketing strategies that suit requirements of each segment. According to Cahill (1997), a target market is simply the Taxi Receipt Form, market of submarket at which the firm aims its marketing messages. By specifying customer targets, the company will also know which segments are not the Business Brochure. Blue Flyer Free Stock, target groups so that the company will not make special effort to serve them. Cahill (1997) said that market targeting is Receipt Form essential because it forces the company to focus at the customers and the markets by determining the best fits between target customers and the product offerings. Kotler and Armstrong (2001) suggested that a firm make the decision how many and Powerpoint Guidelines which segments to target in their market positioning and its decision should be based on Taxi Receipt Form a clear understanding of company#8217;s resources and capabilities, nature of the competition, and the characteristics of the market. The company should evaluate market segments by first collecting and analysing data on current segment sales, growth rates, and then determine which segment can constantly enable the company to receive the greatest opportunities in terms of profitability and market demands in order to Tefl: Interview Form, target main customers. Taxi? However, Wright (1996) denied statement of validity of market targeting by claiming that there was no logical reason to adopt target marketing.
Wright and Esslemont (1994) studied the Household Calculator | Haisume, logical formulations of the target marketing argument and summarised that target marketing did not necessarily give the best overall market response and also does not constantly give superior return than other approaches such as mass marketing. Taxi Receipt Form? The two main targeting strategies are suggested by Dibb (1997). They are concentration strategy, and multi-segment strategy. Concentration strategy is defined as a process that a company manages its marketing efforts towards a single target. When targeting to one single segment, a firm can better satisfy target customers#8217; needs and requirement.
However, this strategy is not always effective and the company may face business failure if target customers#8217; demand for the products decline or shift to other segments. Multi-segment strategy is described as a strategy that a company directs its market efforts towards two or more market targets. The company should then develop appropriate marketing mix to suit each type of target groups, by all together considering product diferrentiation, target price, distribution method, and promotional strategies. In brief, the step of the selection of the Letter For Dental Assistant, potential target market is very critical in creating and developing comprehensive marketing strategy. The robust competitive positioning will then be developed after the Receipt Form, market targets are clearly identified and the requirements and Household Calculator | Haisume motivations are fully examined. 2.2.3 Doing Targeting in Receipt, Different Market Environment. Marketers have to Budget Spreadsheet | Haisume, decide whether to target single segment or multiple segments in the product market; there are several factors affecting the management#8217;s targeting strategy decisions, including stage of maturity, industry structure, company#8217;s capabilities and resources, and opportunities for Taxi Receipt gaining competitive advantage (Cravens, and | Whitneyport-Daily.com Piercy, 2009). The maturity is used as a basis for considering different targeting situations; the market target strategy will be varied in each market environment or stage of product-market maturity. Four different product-market stages, closely related to product life cycle (PLC) stages, include emerging product-market, growing product-market, mature product-market, and declining product-market. The strategists can use product life cycle model to analyse the maturity stage of the products and also industries in order to develop the Form, strategies that should be implemented. Source: Spencer (2009) According to Powerpoint Guidelines, Cravens, and Piercy (2009), segments are likely to be found in the stage of Taxi growth in the product life cycle, as identifying customer segments with similar value requirements improves targeting.
In growth stage of product life cycle, consumers tend to gain awareness of products and to understand the benefits of the product, and company will likely to expect a rapid sales growth and will also try to build brand loyalty and increase market share (Spencer, 2009). High growth markets is very attractive, therefore it can attract a lot of competitors who want to compete for market shares. Cravens, and Tom's Tefl: Skills Evaluation Form Piercy (2009) revealed their finding about the market structure that at the growth stage, existing companies tend to enter new product-market as they have capabilities and resources to support the market entry, and this market offers high potential to be very profitable. Lambkin and Day (1989) suggested three targeting strategies in growth markets which are: Extensive market coverage for firms that has already developed the Taxi Receipt, business in the related market, Selective marketing for Business Template.jpg firms with diversified product portfolio, and. Receipt Form? Focused targeting strategy for small firms serving one or few segments.
Moreover, in the stage of Cover For Dental Assistant growth, competitors will definitely enter into the market. The existing players in the growth market will automatically face price competition and increase in promotion and marketing costs. According to Taxi, Spencer (2009), a firm should adapt itself to handle the changing condition in growth stage in the following ways: Product: The product quality should be improved in terms of additional features, supported services, and packaging design. Brochure. Blue Flyer Royalty Free? Price: The price should be adjusted as followed the consumer demand in the market. Promotion: The promotion should be aimed at a broader audience, and the company tends to Taxi Receipt, spend more with promotional strategy in order to build brand loyalty. Place: Products should be allocated in Profit Plan, the right place, and more distribution channels might be required due to increase in consumer demand. 2.2.4 Alternative Targeting Strategies. Kotler (1997) suggested that targeting strategies can be divided into broad approaches which are undifferentiated marketing, concentrated marketing, and Taxi differentiated marketing. Undifferentiated marketing or full market coverage: This is an approach that the company treats the market as one whole by attempting to serve the entire market.
This is widely used in Porters#8217; (1980) cost leadership strategy (Hooley et al., 2008). Undifferentiated approach was widespread in the mass marketing era before the implementation of market segmentation (Hooley et al., 2008). Concentrate strategy, focused marketing, or single segment strategy: Concentration strategy suits the company that has limited resource, aiming to focus attention on one market segment with one marketing mix strategy. This approach will make the company build a strong position in a selected market; hence it leaves other markets to competitors (Hooley et al., 2008) Differentiated marketing, selective specialization, or multi-segment strategy: Differentiated marketing is adopted when a company offers different products to each target market of the market. Different marketing mixes are also offered to Business Plan.non Strategic Plan, different segments. However, the differentiated marketing can lead to high cost of manufacturing, production, promotional advertising, and distribution process, as a company offers a wide product line to the markets. Product specialization: The firm specializes in a particular product and Receipt Form tailors it to different market segments. Market specialization: The firm specializes in serving a particular market segment and offers that segment an array of Letter For Dental Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com different products. 2.3 MARKET POSITIONING. Taxi Receipt? 2.3.1 Definition of Positioning.
Positioning process is the third part of the STP process, coming after determining market segments, evaluating potential and size of the Powerpoint Guidelines, market segments, and specifying target groups. According to Gunter and Furnham (1992), the strategist should, after selecting target markets, develop positioning objectives and develop them into a detailed marketing mix. Taxi Receipt Form? Competitive positioning together with market segmentation is Guidelines important as a core element to Receipt, develop the effective marketing strategies, and to create the critical direction for a brand (Hooley et al., 2008). Positioning determines which product could be differentiated from one another in Spreadsheet, the marketplace and it gives consumers reasons to Form, buy product (Rosscraig, 2007). Moreover, in Business Blue Flyer Royalty Free Stock, the positioning strategy, the company should not only focus on target segment, but also concern competitor targets as well as overall competitive advantage. Receipt? Brooksbank (1994) stated that the positioning strategy is fused by 3 elements, including: Target customers, focusing on the target segments, Competitor targets, focusing on the external environment, Competitive advantage, focusing on the environmental analysis.
Additionally, a company which looks for Household a success must create a position in the marketplace which considers strengths and weaknesses of both a company and Receipt Form its competitors (Ries and Trout, 2001). Essentially, to create the competitive positioning, strategists should realise that positioning is Blue Template. Royalty Free concerned with understanding how customers compared alternative offerings on the market and building strategies that describe to the customers how the company#8217;s offering differ significantly from Taxi, those of potential competitors. Dibb (1997) stated that the basic approach of positioning is Powerpoint not to create something interesting to Receipt Form, the products but to create in the minds of target consumers a sense of a greater values and Budget | Haisume benefits of marketing mix. Likewise, Ries and Trout (1972) also suggested that the Receipt, marketer should concern much about the communication as an important element of Advance Letter Sample brand positioning. Taxi Form? To determine the positioning of the Skills, brand in the market, a company must position the brand in the mind of consumers as the Receipt, statement of Ries and Guidelines Trout (1972) that #8220;positioning is not what you do to a product; positioning is what you do to the mind of the prospect.#8221;
According to Rosscraig (2007), positioning consists of two basic components which are. physical contributes, the functionality and Form capability that a brand offers, and. brand communication as well as consumer perception relative to other competitors in the marketplace. This concept supported Kotler (1997) who believed that positioning is an element in developing marketing strategy and defined positioning that #8220;Positioning is the Cover Letter For Dental | Whitneyport-Daily.com, act of designing the company#8217;s offering an Receipt Form image so that they occupy a meaningful and distinct competitive position in the target customer#8217;s mind#8221;. Therefore, positioning is considered as a strategy which concerns the way customers value the products/brands/companies compared to other competitors in the marketplace, and also products/brands/companies#8217; abilities to deliver messages to target customers (Rosscraig (2007). 2.3.2 Targeting and Positioning through Marketing Mix and Skills Evaluation Form Differentiated Strategy. According to Taxi Receipt Form, Kotler (1994), Gunter and Furnham (1992), and Wilkie (1990), the stage of product positioning and Powerpoint Guidelines marketing mix development, concerning the market conditions, should be created to match with each market target in order to Taxi Receipt Form, fulfill customers#8217; needs.
It is necessary to choose a generic competitive strategy, and review the selected strategy across segments, after the firm chose a market targets (Aaker, 1996). Kotler (1994) claimed that only differentiated strategy works well in the segment targets and also disagree with the low cost strategy, giving opinion that this alternative strategy is not sustainable in Letter Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com, the segmented market. To make the Taxi Form, business successful, the company should select the tactics that distinguishes itself from its rivals, and the products must be differentiated from other competitors#8217; products. Moreover, the differentiating approach must generate customer value, provide perceived value, and be difficult to imitate (Kotler, 1994). Aaker (1996) supported that successful differentiation involved multiple elements, including total organisation, people, cultures, company#8217;s overall structure, and company#8217;s systems. However, Aaker (1996) defined positioning as #8220;the part of the Powerpoint, brand identity and value proposition that is to be actively communicated to the target audience and Receipt that demonstrates and Guidelines advantages over competing brands#8221;. As a result, he recommended that marketers develop the positioning objective only after the developing of the brand identity and value proposition. In other words, brand building plays an important role to create value positioning for a particular product.
Therefore, to create a unique selling proposition for a product, one of the most effective ways is differentiation through brand building. Lepla and Parker (1999) identified brand as a method of differentiation in Receipt Form, marketing. The brand concept is Letter For Dental Assistant dynamic and can be developed to suit each market target. In order to win consumers#8217; minds in each target market, a firm should consider brand equity building as it helps create competitive barriers (Lepla et al., 2003). The brand equity building aims to create unbreakable customer relationship by trying to make consumers committed to the brand (Lepla et al., 2003) (Figure [2-3] ). Figure [2-3] Brand Equity Pyramid: Moving up the pyramid creates an unbreakable customer relationship. Source: Davis, LePla, and Parker (2003), p.8, Figure 1.2. In sum, building a strong brand is very important as it is one of the most powerful approach to create differentiated strategy in order for a company to be in Taxi Receipt, the hearts and minds of target consumers. The brand strategy which has been successfully created would help maintain the 5+ Salary | Forklift, target consumers not to deviate to competitors easily as they have already chosen to be associated with the Form, brand.
2.3.3 Perceptual Map. In the positioning issue, the brand positioning must be created in consumer#8217;s perceptual map of the market. | Whitneyport-Daily.com? Perceptual mapping is used to determine how various brands are perceived according to key attributes that target customer values. According to Sinclair and Stalling (1990), perceptual mapping makes companies know how their own brand and competitors#8217; brands are perceived in the marketplace. Blankson et al. (2004) stated that there are factors that consumers always use to determine product positioning, which are: Top-of-the -range: This refers to products that, the consumers believe, are the Receipt, best or the most expensive in the market. Household Spreadsheet? Value for money: This refers to products that, the consumers feel, are worth for the money paid. Receipt Form? Reliability: This is about the product which the Nonprofit Business Plan.non Profit, consumers believe to be more/less reliable than those offered by competitors.
Country of origin: The consumers may have perceptions, no matter it is right or wrong, that some countries are reliable or, by contrast, are notorious of manufacturing particular products. According to Lee and Liao (2009), perceptual map is essential in creating brand positioning and conducting associated research for a company, by using information about Taxi Receipt consumer perceptions and preferences for analytical purposes. They also asserted that to do perceptual map, a company can use brand similarity perceptions to analyse other competitors to Powerpoint Guidelines, create further marketing strategies. Lee and Liao concluded in their research of consumer preferences and perceptions that brand positioning has a great effect on consumer preferences and perceptions as consumers always have different perceptions towards brands even though the Form, products are the same. To create needed positioning in consumers#8217; perceptual map, companies need to put emphasis on Brochure. Royalty Stock Photos both products#8217; attributes and brand image, and Taxi Receipt Form then well communicate the messages to target audiences. According to Rosscraig (2007), the 5+ Salary Sample, company needs to use marketing communications to Form, support a brand to make customers well understand the brand positioning, and to adjust the perceptions towards the brand. Additionally, competitor analysis should be in concern for a company to create brand positioning.
Competitor analysis is essential in the positioning strategy, as the company needs to understand its competitors in order to compete, especially in the condition of high degree of competitiveness. Kotler and Armstrong (2001) suggested that competitor analysis is very useful as it gives a company the greatest possible competitive advantage and 5+ Salary Advance Resume also helps company create strong position in relation to competitors in the industry. Taxi Receipt Form? Moreover, Kotler and Armstrong (2001) claimed that a company must compare itself with its competitors by using marketing mix in order to help specify areas of potential competitive advantages. Tom's Interview Skills Evaluation Form? Business Aims and objectives. Taxi Form? Consider variables for segmenting market. For Dental Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com? Look at profile of emerging segments.
Validate segments emerging. Decide on targeting strategy. Taxi Form? Decide which and how many segments should be targeted. Understand customer perceptions. Position products in Cover Letter For Dental Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com, the mind of the customers. Marketing Strategy: Marketing Mix.
In todays world, all businesses are facing the dynamic of world economy. In business world, there is always strong competition in the market with new business players and convergence of the. Its easy to see why skin care is a huge business with more and more people - men and women alike - wanting to stay looking and feeling healthy and Form young for as long as possible. Skincare products. Brand management helps to develop a strong a long term emotional connection between a band and customer. Brand management represents a company product to Cover Letter For Dental | Whitneyport-Daily.com, the market. Branding can reveal about the.
The introduction of a new product is challengeable and even such large companies as Adidas may face substantial difficulties, while introducing new sport shoes. The successful introduction of Taxi Receipt Form the. This industry is characterized by Brochure. Blue Free Photos, the absence of price competition in its traditional form. Existing competitors use a variety of indirect methods such as different price levels aimed at reaching. The marketing plan explains the creation of an on line T-shirt Company by Taxi Form, the name of The T-shirt. It explains on what grounds the company is made and the tactics to run the business. The. Implement marketing activities 1.0 Executive Summary The marketing plan outlines a strategy for success, and breaks it down into Budget | Haisume comprehensible, actionable components that will enable Starbucks. Analysis and recommendations of the existing marketing strategies Tiger Balm is Receipt Form a well-known herbal ointment remedy that was developed to relieve the aches and pains in Powerpoint Guidelines, ancient China. It is a very. Didn't find the Receipt Form, essay?
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Top .NET Software Errors: 50 Common Mistakes and How to Fix Them. Developing in .NET provides several powerful benefits, including less overall code, improved security, ease of updates/changes, and language independence. That said, the system isn’t without errors and problems. From common exceptions to Taxi Receipt Form coding mistakes to incorrect assumptions, most of these issues come down to programmer error. The list below shares the Tefl: Interview Evaluation, 50 top .NET software errors from Form around the web. Brochure. Template. Royalty Free Stock. It includes exceptions, broken data bindings, memory leaks, LINQ issues, mistyping errors, and dozens more.
We also look at ways to fix each one. When you’re ready to start coding, download our free guide to .NET Profilers for some insider knowledge and everything you need to know about code profiling for .NET. And while you’re at it, be sure to check out Prefix, our own lightweight profiler for .NET and Form, Java developers. (And, if you’re thinking about .NET Core, read our opinion on why it’s the next big thing here.) This .NET exception gets thrown whenever we try to use a class reference that’s set to null/Nothing, when the code expects otherwise. In the very simple example below, the string “foo” is set to null . The second line above will throw a NullReferenceException because we can’t call the method on Flyer Template. Royalty Free Stock Photos a string that points to Taxi Receipt null. To fix/avoid this error: Build null checking into the code and set default values. Use Debug.Assert to catch the problem before the exception occurs. See examples for avoiding the NullReferenceException .NET error here. (@StackOverflow) The DivideByZeroException error gets thrown whenever a program tries to divide by zero. Business Plan.non Profit Strategic Plan Template.jpg. To handle it gracefully, protect any code that does arithmetic division within try-catch blocks that look for that specific exception.
Here’s an Taxi, example: Ways to fix/prevent DivideByZeroException: Use Try/Catch blocks to catch the exception. Set guards on functions that throw errors in the event of a zero value. Interview Form. Use validation on critical user inputs to prevent zero values. For more detail on how to handle this .NET error, see this article from Dot Net Perls. Data bindings in WPF can be a huge time saver – when they work well. Taxi Receipt Form. When they break, they’re one of the Guidelines, more frustrating .NET errors out Taxi Form, there. In the example below, there’s a TextBlock with a missing data context. Frustratingly, it won’t show errors in Visual Studio’s output window. Here are a couple of other fixes for the broken data bindings error:
Add a Value Converter that Breaks into Cover For Dental Assistant, the Debugger. Add a TraceListener so you know right away when a data binding breaks. There’s a great tutorial that gives more detail on fixing this issue here. (@atomicobject) 4. Using a Reference Like a Value or Vice Versa. This problem is specific to C#. Receipt Form. In C#, the programmer who writes the object decides whether the value assigned to it is a value or a reference to another object.
The example below shows a couple of unwanted surprises. To fix the problem, look at Business definitions of the object types. In Visual Studio, do this by putting your cursor over the object’s name and pressing F12. For a more in-depth explanation of the reference/value error, see this tutorial. 5. Letting Compiler Warnings Accumulate. This very common issue erodes the strict type checking provided by the C# compiler. The temptation to hide warnings in Taxi, Visual Studio’s “Error List” window can lead to a buildup of hidden or ignored warnings.
Unheeded warnings can cause eventual code problems like this: Of course, the easy fix for Spreadsheet, the buildup of compiler warnings is to Taxi set aside regular time blocks to address them. Spending a few seconds on each warning now can save hours down the road. See this article for more. 6. Losing Scope Before Disposing an Object.
Disposing objects before all references to them are out of scope is 5+ Salary | Forklift a housekeeping issue. We might assume the garbage collector will take care of it when it runs the object’s finalizer, but that isn’t always the case. To fix this error, make sure all .NET objects are explicitly disposed. Use the Receipt, using statement to wrap all IDisposable objects. Objects wrapped in this way will automatically be disposed when the using block closes. Powerpoint. In some cases, the using statement isn’t enough. Taxi Receipt. (@msdev) One example is when nesting constructors are protected by Cover Letter For Dental only one exception handler. For additional protection, add specific code to check and Taxi Receipt, dispose variables when needed. The finally block below does this with the Cover Letter Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com, tempPort variable. 7. Redundant Nested Exception Handling. While not exactly a .NET error, using too much exception handling with nested methods is Form definitely a mistake.
This one creates a lot of redundant code and a real performance drain. The best practice here is using nested exception handling, which performs the exception handling only once: For a deeper look at this mistake, see this article. (@Codeguru) LINQ makes it a lot easier to query data than if we use for/each loops with conditional logic like nested if blocks. But consider the Tom's Tefl: Evaluation, code below, which uses LINQ-to-SQL to get a customer list:
The code seems fine until we try to enumerate the collection. At that point, we’ll get an “ObjectDisposedException.” That’s because link won’t actually perform the query until we attempt to Receipt Form enumerate the results. To fix this, first convert your LINQ queries to a List using ToList(), or to an array using ToArray(). This step will ensure all LINQ queries get evaluated right away. See more on this here. (@VSMdev) 9. Iterating with Values Instead of with LINQ. Here’s another “not quite a .NET error” that’s nonetheless a big mistake. Iterating through long lists of records is far from efficient. Plan.non Profit. Rather than rely on a foreach loop or a for loop, use LINQ. LINQ or Language-Integrated Query is a feature of .NET that makes it easier to query objects like long lists or collections.
The code above returns 1,000 customers. That’s much more efficient than getting 100,000 customers with a foreach loop. For more, see this post. (@Upwork) 10. Accessing Virtual Members within a Constructor. This C# error comes from executing code before its time. This can happen when we call an overridden method straight from the constructor of a base class. In the example below, the Taxi, virtual method call is made on a class before the Business Brochure. Template. Stock Photos, class’ constructor has been run. To fix the problem, first mark your class as sealed. This ensures that it’s the most derived type within the inheritance hierarchy.
That way, when we call the virtual method, we don’t get a warning. Logic errors happen when we don’t get the Taxi Receipt, result we expected. They don’t always result in error messages because they’re not technically “bugs.” Instead, they’re problems with programming logic. Cover Letter For Dental Assistant. Take a look at Receipt the code below. It tries to Household Calculator Spreadsheet add up the numbers from one to ten. Can you see the Taxi Receipt, error?
The answer is zero! The program didn’t run into any code errors, but it gave us the Guidelines, wrong answer. That’s a logic error. We should have set the startLoop variable as 1, and endLoop as 11. To nip logic errors in the bud: Use C# .NET Breakpoints. This is Form where we tell C# to stop the Advance Sample | Forklift, code, so we can assess what’s in the variables. Form. Use the Advance Request Letter Sample, C# .NET Locals Window.
This keeps track of Taxi Form, what’s in local variables. Use Try … Catch blocks. For a full tutorial on how to implement the Tom's Tefl: Interview Skills Form, above fixes, click here. 12. Mixing Strings and Numbers with + Most languages use the + sign for both concatenation and arithmetic addition. That means 2 + 2 is 4 and “hello ” + “world” is “hello world.” But what about “hello “ + 2? This would result in Taxi Receipt Form, “hello 2”. This would be better expressed as “hello ” + “2”. Here’s a less obvious example: In this case, x + y is Budget Calculator | Haisume 412, where 4 is Receipt a number and “12” is a string. To head this mistake off: Make sure all values you intend to add are actually numbers.
Use string.Format() instead of concatenating with +. Perform arithmetic as distinct statements before outputting concatenated results or strings. For an in-depth tutorial, click here. (@DreamInCode) 13. Forgetting Strings Are Immutable. Strings are immutable in .NET. That means once we create a string, we can’t change its value. It may look like we’re changing a string’s value, but what we’re really doing is creating a new object with a new value. The example below shows how forgetting that strings are immutable can lead us into Tom's Tefl: Evaluation, a problem. (@amazedsaint) There’s another great example of an immutable string error here that results in the creation of Receipt, 10,000 unwanted string variables. (@codeproject) The article presents an elegant solution: using the Request Letter | Forklift Resume, StringBuilder class to Taxi Form change the text without making thousands of new String class instances.
Here’s a common C# error that results from a multithreading mistake. Tefl: Form. This happens when we use lock with poor code synchronization. The example below checks for Taxi Form, curse words in a string, printing a warning if it finds one. Request Letter Sample. It also performs several other operations. The code isn’t synchronized, however, so it’s not thread safe. For instance, two threads might try to update the Receipt Form, same counter at the same time, causing an exception.
Make sure only one thread can read/update a counter at a time. Lock over checking/updating routines. For a full tutorial on the incorrect granularity error, click here. (@Xenoprimate) 15. Unhandled Exogenous Exceptions. This may sound like the lost Dali painting, but it’s just a fancy way of Business Blue Flyer Template. Royalty Photos, saying, “unhandled, handleable exceptions.” Since the definition of exogenous is “originating externally,” these exceptions are beyond our control and Taxi Form, must be anticipated and handled. The code below shows a good example. We have to use the Skills Evaluation Form, try-catch block because something might have happened to our file. Use try-catch blocks to avoid an error arising from these exceptions. See this tutorial for a good explanation of the different kinds of exceptions, plus whether and how to Taxi Receipt Form handle them. (@ericlippert)
For any class, the default protection level is Nonprofit Profit Template.jpg “internal.” For any member in that class, the default level is “private.” We can run into Receipt Form, an issue when we forget those facts. When we declare “MySecondClass” public, its variables don’t also become public. If we want MyFirstClass to be able to Household Budget Calculator | Haisume access the variables in MySecondClass, we’ll need to set MyFirstClass and the MySecondClass variables to “public.” See this post for more details. (@DeveloperDrive) Apart from being a popular developer forum, this is also a common error. This one is something like an OutOfMemoryException because it means your code has exceeded a memory boundary. Taxi Receipt. The stack is finite, which means if we have too many memory allocations in Tom's Interview Evaluation Form, it, we’ll get an overflow exception. The simple C# example below shows an infinite recursion that will trigger a StackOverflowException. To avoid the StackOverflowException error, try not to have objects mutually reference each other whenever possible. Receipt Form. See this discussion and this article for more insight. Interview. (@StackOverflow and @ExpertsExchange) Using busy-wait instead of Taxi Receipt, correct thread synchronization can deliver a troublesome error.
The code below will suck up 100% of the CPU core while the Plan.non Strategic, thread in Example() processes the while loop. Some developers will try to use something like Thread.Sleep(100) to interrupt an infinite loop. Taxi Receipt. While this works, it’s sloppy coding, since what we really need is an in-built synchronization construct. In general, we should only use Thread.Sleep: To make some kind of timer functionality For testing, but not for Calculator Spreadsheet | Haisume, production For a more in-depth look at how to dodge the busy-wait and thread.sleep error, click here. (@Xenoprimate) 19.
Handling Non-Exogenous Exceptions. Certain .NET errors in the form of exceptions that can’t be foreseen and Taxi Receipt Form, that originate from outside our control must be handled. For example, let’s say our program does a check for File.Exists. The file does exist, but between the check and Business Blue Flyer Template. Royalty Free, the next operation, the Taxi, file gets deleted. That said, most exceptions should be avoided whenever possible by writing code that renders them unnecessary. Consider the Profit Strategic Plan, following three exceptions: If we use the int.TryParse() method instead of an exception, we get a 0 response. That means this method avoids the need for complex and potentially buggy exception handling. For a full breakdown of the above example, see this article. (@DailyDotNetTips) For a robust discussion about Taxi Receipt Form avoiding exceptions, click here. (@WardCunningham) See this post for a good explanation of the reasons to Household Calculator avoid exceptions. (@Quora)
20. Unsafe Assumptions in Multithreading. Certain assumptions about Receipt how multithreading works can lead us to unexpected problems. These are especially likely when working with shared state. Often, the mistakes arise when we think multithreaded code works in the same way as single-threaded code. One example is a torn read from non-atomic access to a variable . The following code will return unwanted values: The problem occurs because one thread can read the value of Business Flyer Template. Free Stock, sharedState halfway through a write by another thread.
This forces the variable into values we hadn’t anticipated (or wanted). To fix the Taxi Receipt Form, problem, make access to the variable atomic. To do this: For a detailed breakdown of incorrect multithreading assumptions in Business Plan Template.jpg, .NET and how to Taxi Receipt fix them, see this in-depth tutorial. (@Xenoprimate) A nullable value passed to 5+ Salary Advance Sample | Forklift the stack will create garbage. Taxi Form. Paradoxically, a similar variable that’s actually set to null won’t create any garbage. In the Flyer Template. Royalty Free Photos, example above, DoTestA() creates zero garbage, while DoTestB() quickly racks up a large amount. The best way to Taxi Receipt Form fix this is to generify our DoSomething method:
For a more detailed explanation of this paradox and how to Household Budget Calculator | Haisume fix it, see this post. (@Xenoprimate) This common mistake is really one of omission. It can result in user problems with no indication of Receipt, what went wrong. Consider the case of a user registration functionality with unlogged exceptions. In this case, if registration fails, our log stays empty. Of course, the fix for this error is to add logging to the try-catch block.
To see the full tutorial, click here. (@codeproject) 23. Unnecessary Contention in Multithreading. Contention happens when two or more threads try to Cover Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com access the same resource at the same time. Taxi Receipt. They contend for the resource.
This situation causes several issues. Even when we use thread-safe coding, contention can still add overhead. For example, when we use the lock keyword, we force some threads to wait while one thread accesses a scope. The following multi-threaded code actually works worse than a single-threaded version would, because it creates a lot more overhead while some threads wait. The solution to this is to split the work into equal chunks before it’s processed.
Then, let each thread perform a local count before it updates the global one. To see how that works, take a look at this article. (@Xenoprimate) 24. 5+ Salary Letter Sample | Forklift. Using Weak Cryptographic Algorithms. Using old, outdated cryptographic algorithms is one of the most easily avoided errors. Algorithms like TripleDES, SHA1, and Taxi Receipt Form, RIPEMD160 can’t deliver the Guidelines, level of Receipt, security that their more modern counterparts can. To avoid the Brochure. Flyer Template. Royalty Stock, CA5350 CheckID, use stronger algorithms. Instead of TripleDES, use Aes encryption. Taxi Receipt. Instead of Guidelines, SHA1 or RIPEMD160, use SHA512, SHA384, or SHA256. See this page from Microsoft for full documentation. (@msdev) 25.
Using the Wrong Collection Type. In .NET, using the right collection type can save time and avoid errors. Below is a list of the most commonly used C# collections. The List collection type can grow in Receipt Form, size to accommodate growing data sets. The Dictionary collection type is useful for fast lookups by Tom's Interview Skills Form keys. The HashSet collection type works best for very fast lookups in a list of unique items. The Stack collection type comes in handy for providing users with ways to go back.
This great tutorial gives a great explanation of how to avoid errors by using the Taxi Form, right collection type for the job. (@moshhamedani) This common mistake happens when we create an event handler that handles events occurring in an object, but we don’t clear the link when we’ve finished. This oversight can leave behind an unwanted strong reference. In the code below, we subscribe to an OnPlaced event in our Order class, and the following code executes on a button click: When the OrderPlaced method is called, the following code executes: However, a reference to the Order object is Budget Spreadsheet still held by the OrderPlaced event handler. The Order object is therefore kept alive, even though we removed it from the collection. For more information on this, see:
27. Readonly Shorthand Property Declaration. This WCF error happens when we fail to keep both getter and setter in our code when using the ReadOnly shorthand property declaration with the DataMember attribute. Without the setter part, we’ll get an error. We can circumvent this problem by Receipt setting a block with empty brackets, as shown in this article. (@codeproject) 28. Mistyping the WF/WCF Service Configuration Name. When we use WCF with Visual Studio, we can run into Powerpoint Guidelines, a problem that comes from default configurations. The code above doesn’t specify a services section. Form. It therefore adds a set of Guidelines, default endpoints to your service.
This can result in Taxi Receipt, the use of an incorrect service name. To fix this situation, we’ll need to manually change the name of our service in the configuration file. See this tutorial for more. Calculator Spreadsheet | Haisume. (@msdev) 29. Taxi Form. Modifying SMSvcHost.exe.config for WCF. We can run into several WCF errors when we modify the SMSvcHost.exe.config file improperly. The sample settings for the file are shown below: Some common problems that arise from modifying the file include: Modifying the wrong SMSvcHost.exe.config file. Changing dummy settings in a comment within the file. Failing to restart Net.Tcp Port Sharing service after making changes to the file.
For steps to avoid making these common mistakes, see this blog post from Business Blue Flyer Template. Stock Microsoft. (@msdev) 30. Leaving Tracing Enabled in Web-Based Applications. Tracing is Taxi a very useful .NET debugging tool. Guidelines. It’s also an excellent way for a hacker to Receipt Form access your system if it’s left in place in a production environment. Don’t fall into the trap shown below: In the For Dental | Whitneyport-Daily.com, configuration above, any user can access a detailed list of all recent requests to Taxi Form the app. Sample Resume. How? By browsing the page “trace.axd.” The trace log provides a plethora of useful information to the hacker. The best way to prevent hacks through tracing data is to disable tracing. Receipt. Do this by Tefl: Interview Skills Evaluation Form setting “enabled” to “false” for the trace element.
For more info, see this tutorial. (@dotnetstories) Disabling custom errors in Taxi Receipt Form, .NET gives clients detailed error messages by default. With the above configuration, hackers get good information about the source of errors that can help them learn to pick our coding locks. Default ASP.NET error messages show our ASP.NET version and framework, plus the exception type. To fix the problem:
Set customErrors mode to RemoteOnly or Doing this displays more generic, nondescript error messages. Set the defaultRedirect attribute of the customErrors element to Household Spreadsheet | Haisume redirect the user to a new page. See this post for a more detailed walk-through of fixing this issue. (@dotnetstories) WPF has several data binding options. If we break them, they can cause memory leaks within our applications. For example, look at the class shown below: With the example above, in certain cases, WPF will create a runtime leak by creating a reference to Taxi Receipt the System.Component.Model.PropertyDescriptor class. When this happens, runtime doesn’t know when to deallocate the reference.
Therefore, our source object remains in Profit, memory. Detect this error by checking the dotMemory automatic inspections snapshot overview page for WPF binding leaks. Fix the problem by making the object a DependencyProperty. Taxi Receipt Form. For complete instructions, see this tutorial. (@jetbrains) 33. Forgetting to For Dental Assistant an XSRF Token to the Client. XRSF tokens protect against cross-site request forgeries. We need to Taxi Form use them any time the browser can authenticate the user implicitly. Cover Letter. That includes automatic authentication with cookies, or apps using Windows authentication. The code below passes an XSRF token to the client, avoiding this egregious mistake.
Read the full tutorial on this here. (@OdeToCode) A DispatcherTimer leak is an error where improper use of the DispatcherTimer causes a memory leak. In the example below, the count variable gets updated once per second by the DispatcherTimer. The reference is held by Taxi the Dispatcher, which keeps each UserControl alive, causing a memory leak. Fixing this is easy. Just stop the timer and set it to 5+ Salary Advance | Forklift Resume null. (@Simple_Talk) Building UIs in software lets us add convenient functionality, such as removing certain controls from the UI after the user performs a given action. However, if we don’t build the UI correctly, we can introduce a memory leak. Every time we declare a UI element in XAML using the x:Name directive, WPF will create a strong global reference. We may think we can dynamically remove the element, but the control will stay in memory, even after we remove it from the Children collection of the parent control: Here’s how to fix this common issue:
To detect the problem, click the Form, button to remove the Household Budget | Haisume, control, then take a snapshot in dotMemory. The snapshot will show that the control stayed in memory. Fix it by calling the Taxi Receipt Form, parent control’s UnregisterName method. Profit Template.jpg. For a full brief on this error and its fix, see here. (@jetbrains) This isn’t actually a leak, but rather an intended behavior. Taxi Receipt Form. When an Business Brochure. Blue Flyer Template. Stock, app updates large strings to Receipt text boxes over several iterations, we can see a buildup of data on their undo stacks. The default settings will create this problem by enabling undo and/or by setting the UndoLimit at -1, which means the number of actions will be limited only by the amount of Tom's Interview Skills Evaluation Form, available memory. To rectify this, either set IsUndoEnabled to Taxi Receipt false, or set an UndoLimit other than -1 (such as 100). To see this problem and solution explained in more detail, see this article. (@Simple_Talk) Yet another memory leak error is the Request Letter Sample Resume, event handler leak.
In C#, we don’t always get a leak when we subscribe to Receipt an event and then forget to unsubscribe. In most cases, the events don’t stay in memory. However, when an event publisher is long lived, then all its subscribers will be kept alive too, as in the following example: Here’s the Powerpoint, code that creates the Receipt Form, instances: The solution here is simple. Any time you subscribe to an event, if it’s raised by a service that has a long life, you must unsubscribe from it. 38. Potentially Dangerous Request.Form Value.
Here’s a workaround for an error caused when we want to send HTML code to a server. By default, we’ll get an error, since ASP.NET MVC disables sending this type of code to the server in order to avoid Cross Site Scripting (XSS) attacks. As shown below, we can use the AllowHtml attribute for the model class to disable ASP.NET MVC validation for that particular property. For the full rundown of using the AllowHtml attribute to avoid this issue, see this tutorial. (@ASPSnippets) 39. “The Remote Name Could Not Be Resolved” (WCF/Azure Error) Sometimes a service that works fine on a local machine doesn’t play well with Azure. In that case, we get a “failed to invoke the service” notification.
This can be an extremely frustrating problem since there’s no obvious reason for it to happen in the first place and there’s no obvious fix. However, this blog post offers an elegant solution. Alter the Advance Request | Forklift, web.config file as follows: This sets up your service to operate in a load-balanced environment like Azure. When remotely debugging an ASP.NET application using Visual Studio, we can get the following error message: “Error while trying to run project: Unable to start debugging on the web server. Access is denied. Check the DCOM configuration settings for the machine debug manager. Would you like to disable future attempts to debug ASP.NET pages for Receipt, this project?” This happens because the user doing the remote debugging doesn’t belong to the Debugger Users group for the MS Internet Information Server. To solve this problem, add the user to the appropriate group by following the steps shown in this Microsoft support page. (@MicrosoftHelps)
41. ViewBag Does Not Exist in Powerpoint, the Current Context. This issue can arise after upgrading an Receipt Form, application from Household Budget Calculator Spreadsheet ASP MVC 4 to ASP MVC 5. To fix the problem, install the ASP.NET Web Helpers Library, then open the project’s web.config file and Taxi Form, update the 5+ Salary Advance Resume, bindings as follows: In the appsettings, find “webpages:Version” and Form, update to version 18.104.22.168. Advance Letter Sample | Forklift. Then restart Visual Studio. Receipt. See this blog post for more. (@AhmedAlAsaad) 42. Error While Trying to Run Project.
This error comes about when debugging an ASP.NET app with Visual Studio. The full error message is: “Error while trying to run project: Unable to start debugging on the web server. The project is not configured to be debugged.” We can run into this error for two reasons: The ASP.NET app is missing a web.config file.
The project folder’s Execute Permissions property in Internet Services Manager is set to. To fix the problem, either add a web.config file (if it’s missing) or set Execute Permissions to Scripts only. For more info, see this Microsoft help page. (@MicrosoftHelps) 43. Not Taking Advantage of Dependency Injection. Let’s say our Controller needs a FooService that lets it fetch a Foo that it can render to the user, like so: The trouble is, our Controller needs fine details about how to create a FooService . Brochure. Blue Flyer Template. Royalty Free Stock Photos. That means we have to replicate that logic everywhere a FooService is needed. ASP.NET 5 MVC 6 gives us a baked-in feature called Dependency Injection. This lets us declare the Receipt Form, dependency in the constructor. The ASP.NET 5 framework will then pass it in for us. To see all the Cover Letter For Dental Assistant, steps to take advantage of this powerful feature, see this tutorial. (@ArmenShimoon)
Misuse and overuse of the var keyword is a common and basic error. The real purpose of var is to let us declare a local variable when we don’t know the type name. Taxi. This is Business Template. Royalty Free Stock usually true with anonymous types when we don’t get the type name until compile time. Yet some developers use var every time they declare a variable. In a local variable declaration, the type name gives us an added layer of description: Other reasons to limit the use of var: It encourages Hungarian notation. It destroys the layer of context provided by type names.
It increases reliance on Form IntelliSense. It doesn’t provide backward compatibility. For an in-depth argument about 5+ Salary var as an error, see this article. 45. Incorrectly using IoC Containers. Dependency injection is a powerful .NET tool we can use to avoid redundant code and Taxi Form, save time and effort. Letter For Dental | Whitneyport-Daily.com. Without dependency injection, we would have to reproduce the following code within multiple methods: However, when we use dependency injection improperly in the following ways, we run into errors: Using the container to retrieve dependencies instead of injecting them. Abstracting the Receipt Form, container. Accessing the container to resolve components dynamically.
For an Guidelines, in-depth tutorial on using IoC containers correctly, click here. (@DevTrends) 46. .ToLower() Not Working in LINQ Query. The String.ToLower method returns a copy of a string, converted to lowercase. However, this can cause a confusing error when we try to use it to Taxi compare values from Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com different sources. Take the example below: One solution (@ExpertsExchange) is to Taxi Receipt avoid the use of .ToLower here and instead use IndexOf with the case-insensitive OrdinalIgnoreCase (@msdev) property within the request: 47.
Be Careful with Optional Parameters. We can get errors in 5+ Salary Advance Request | Forklift Resume, C# 4.0 when we don’t keep an eye on our use of optional parameters. The following code shows a common misuse: Here, the member function takes different arguments for different static types. With this code, we’re violating the Taxi Form, principle of least surprise.
Avoid this construction whenever possible. (@ElegantCode) 48. Overloading Methods Defined in Base Classes. We can cause hard-to-find errors in our C# code when we overload methods defined in Business Brochure. Blue, base classes. When we do this, we increase the chance of ambiguity and the chance that our interpretation of the spec differs from the compiler’s. The code below uses overloading improperly. For a deep look at why overloading methods defined in Taxi Receipt, base classes causes trouble, see this tutorial. (@InformIT)
49. Using “” Instead of String.Empty Instead. The use of “” when we mean String.Empty can cause a subtle error. The difference between the two is, “” is a constant, while String.Empty isn’t. It’s a read-only field assigned to a constant. Another reason to use String.Empty instead of quotes is Business Profit Strategic that String.Empty handles memory more efficiently than “”, because it doesn’t create an object.
Therefore, operations using “String.Empty happen faster. This arises from a temptation to Receipt Form avoid extra hassle by storing cryptographic secrets in a web.config file. Below is a sample from an ASP.NET 4.6 web config XML file: We should never store secrets in a web.config file like that. For Dental Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com. Instead, we need to refer the code to Taxi Receipt Form a protected file, like this: For a full breakdown of Plan.non Profit Strategic Plan, how this works, see here. (@shanselman) We hope you found this list of Taxi Receipt, 50 .NET software errors helpful. Do you have a better fix for Interview Evaluation Form, any of the errors and mistakes above? Do you have a software error you think ought to Taxi Form be included in our list?
Give us a shout in the comments below.
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fire safety homework This is Receipt my homework assignment for Firefighter 1 that I did back in 1998. The requirements may have changed since then but this document is very extensive. Instead of doing the assignment on my small volunteer department, I used the Midwest City Fire Department to answer the questions asked. Hope it helps you to get you assignment done. Exhibits 1-4 have not been included in this document. They are drawings or rigs and their equipment and the organizational structure. HICKORY HILLS FIRE DEPARTMENT. 1. Business Brochure. Blue Flyer Royalty Free. Which governing body and individual in Receipt, that governing body controls the Brochure. Stock fire department in your city? The City Council Mayor City Manager Assistant City Manager Fire Chief Deputy Fire Chief.
2. Give a description of your fire department including the following: The Midwest City Fire Department is charged with the responsibility of reducing risks to lives, property and the environment from man-made and natural disasters, to the lowest extent possible through the effective use of all resources made available. The Midwest City Fire Department shall strive to achieve this mission by: responding to and mitigating emergency incidents; preparing for emergency situations that may be anticipated to occur; reducing the Taxi Receipt Form risk within our jurisdiction by Cover Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com, preventative measures against the outbreak of fires and other emergencies; limiting the extent and severity of such emergencies through risk reduction and built-in control measures; providing for the treatment, removal and rescue of injured and/or endangered persons and to control emergencies that occur. Organizational Chart See Exhibit 4. Number of Personnel 95 including Firefighters and Administration. Taxi Form. A list of the line officers in your department and a description of the duties of. each type of Powerpoint line officer. Fire Chief Deputy Chief Assistant Fire Chief Fire Marshall Training Officer Captain. He establishes the departmental policies and procedures and makes sure they are practiced.
He controls management and directs all of the members of the Fire Department: He has the power to have any or all personnel report to any emergency or public event. He is responsible for the Code Enforcement. He reports to the City Council and other members of the City. Taxi Receipt. He is responsible for communication and the explanation of new policies and procedures to the department. He establishes public relations and promotes cooperation with fire protection. He has an effective labor relationship with members of the department.
He has control of the budget and allocates the funds to Spreadsheet proper positions. He will receive all reports, requests and information to the proper position. DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF: He can perform duties of the Fire Chief in his absence. He Coordinates and plans activities for the Training Office, Fire Prevention Bureau and the Code Enforcement. He is the liaison between the Fire Department and 911 or Dispatch. He assists in departmental policies, procedures and practices. He administrates departmental expenditures. He performs duties including performance evaluation, discipline of employees, staffing and supervisory duties. He coordinates Mutual Aid Fire Protection Programs. He assists with Fire Prevention and Fire Education.
He performs Mutual Aid Fire Protection Programs with other cities. He coordinates public education through schools and Taxi Receipt various groups. ASSISTANT FIRE CHIEF: He coordinates pre-fire planning procedures and sees that they are followed. He directs all activities of all fire companies while on duty and assists in performing there duties. He develops and coordinates standard operating procedures. He upholds public relations through lectures, conferences and tours of the department. He can perform the duties of the Fire Chief in his absence.
He is responsible for Business Plan Template.jpg, municipal and state fire codes. Taxi Form. He investigates causes and circumstances of fire inside the Tefl: Interview Skills City of Midwest City. Taxi. He is responsible for the operation of the Fire Prevention Program. He coordinates fire prevention, fire plans and public education. He is responsible for all maintenance records for Business Brochure. Blue Flyer Template. Royalty Stock Photos, fire prevention which includes reports, construction plans, hazardous material and investigation reports. He is responsible for pubic relations through the Taxi Form community. He works with various law enforcement agencies, insurance companies and investigative agencies. Request Letter Sample | Forklift Resume. He performs evaluations and disciplinary action according to policies and procedures.
He assists the Fire Chief and Deputy Chief. He designs and develops training programs for the fire service. He is under the direction of the Deputy Chief. He conducts classroom training sessions related to fire prevention, fire protection, practice/training, emergency response and rescue operation. He helps or assists the Fire Chief and Deputy Chief in Receipt, the annual budget. Business Royalty Free Stock. He plans training programs for Fire Department personnel.
He conducts classroom and outside drills. He is responsible for the training of new employees for Firefighter 1 and other examinations for the first year. He conducts entry-level testing and assists in promotional testing. He performs supervisory duties of one company. Receipt. He directs the fire company in protecting property, saving lives, emergency rescues and any other emergencies. He supervises the upkeep and he the maintenance of the equipment at one fire station. Business Blue Template. Free Stock Photos. He is responsible for salvage and Receipt Form overhaul operations. He maintains personnel records, trip reports, daily and monthly stats.
He is in charge of pre-fire planning. He oversees all policies and procedures. He assists in fire prevention. A description of your role, as a firefighters in the organization including the responsibilities, duties, rules and regulations that apply to your position. Inspection of the firefighting equipment and maintenance. Maintenance and Business Brochure. Blue Flyer Free Photos upkeep of fire station, grounds and cleaning. Follows the direction of the Captain in firefighting operations and other emergencies.
He is responsible for extinguishment of fires and directing fire streams. Taxi. Administers first aid to patients as needed. The removal of victims in Tom's Tefl: Interview Evaluation Form, smoke, heat and toxic gas environments. He assists in Taxi, public education, pre-fire planning and Powerpoint Guidelines performs salvage and overhaul procedures. Follows all orders given by supervision and shows proper respect to Taxi Receipt authority. Your responsibilities, as a firefighter, that pertains to occupational health and safety: Have an understanding and good working knowledge of all OSHA regulations and safety policies.
3. Describe and/or quote local statutes/ordinances pertaining to fire department organization/operation. Ordinance Article 1 Section 14-1 states: Extinguish fires. Rescue persons endangered by the fire. Resuscitates and administers first aid to Powerpoint Guidelines injured persons. Promotes fire prevention. Enforce all ordinances relating to fires, fire prevention and safety. 4. Describe your role, as a firefighters with your fire department's standard operation procedures at a:
As a firefighters you must respond to all alarms and calls, operate firefighting and other emergency equipment, protect the loss of life and property under the direction of the Captain. Rides the fire apparatus, lays and connects hose to hydrants. EMERGENCY MEDICAL CALL: Makes sure the scene is safe for all safety personnel. Wear proper-protective equipment. He must be able to control the scene. Must be able to Form record vital signs and relate them to the ambulance personnel. 5. Describe your role, as a firefighters within your fire departments Incident Management System (IMS) at Nonprofit Plan.non Template.jpg, a: At the fire scene you report to the Captain.
At a hazardous material incident, you will report to Receipt Form the Captain of the Haz-Mat Team. Respond with the Guidelines Captain on all emergency calls. 6. What are the roles of other agencies that may respond simultaneously or to assist your fire department at the scene of an Receipt, emergency or at Powerpoint, a disaster? The Incident Commander (IC) shall determine if mutual aid is needed and what kind of equipment will be used. The IC will determine what agency will be used and Receipt forward all information to the dispatcher. 7. Guidelines. Does your fire department have a member or employee assistance program available? What is its purpose and what are its components? Yes. To assist employees in major personal loss, job loss, job related disaster or other stressful situations. 8. Describe the procedure in Receipt Form, your area for a citizen to report a fire or other emergency.
All incident calls are received by the 911 telephone or by emergency dispatcher, which is located at the Midwest City Emergency Operation Center or by phone calls received by the fire station or from a bystander walking into the fire station and reporting the incident. 9. Describe the procedures you would take upon 5+ Salary | Forklift receiving an alarm. Location of emergency Type of emergency Location of caller Injury or fatality Involvement of scene. 10. Define the purpose and describe the function of all alarm receiving equipment (ie. Taxi Form. telephone) and personnel alerting equipment (ie. pager) utilized by your fire department and its members. To have proper equipment available, a department personnel could respond to Household Budget Calculator Spreadsheet | Haisume an emergency scene faster, have proper units respond and able to notify the personnel from Chief to a firefighter on the line.
11. Describe the Taxi procedures for receipt and Spreadsheet processing of personal and business calls. The phone call should be answered as quickly as possible, using appropriate language; identify the department and Taxi Form yourself; know how to transfer calls; take message, if possible, and never leave a person on Cover Letter For Dental Assistant, hold. 12. Give, in detail, your department' s radio procedures (including codes, etc.) for Taxi Receipt Form, the following situations: Routine traffic is a signal 7 or accident without injury.
Emergency traffic is a signal 8 or accident with injury. Emergency evacuation signal. In addition, describe the proper use of Request Letter radio equipment (both mobile and Taxi portable) that is available to your fire department. Ten codes are used for Household, radio transmission which shortens the broadcast time and the public cannot understand the conversation. Midwest City Fire Department uses a Clear Text or normal language transmission which reduces the Taxi Receipt Form confusion. 13. What is the purpose of salvage and what is it value to the public and the fire department? Salvage operations consist of those methods and operating procedures allied to fire fighting that aid in 5+ Salary Request Sample | Forklift, reducing fire, water and Form smoke damage during and after fires. However, improved techniques in fire extinguishment plus prompt and effective use of good salvage procedures will minimize the total losses. 14.
What is the purpose of Business Plan.non Strategic overhaul? Overhaul is the practice of searching a fire scene to detect hidden fires or sparks which may re-kindle and to note the possible point of origin and cause of fire and Form preserving any evidence of arson. 15. What are the duties of firefighters left at the scene for fire and security surveillance? The duties of a firefighter left at the scene for fire and security surveillance are to watch for any signs of rekindling of-the fire; to protect any evidence needed by fire investigators; keep unauthorized personnel out and to Cover Letter For Dental | Whitneyport-Daily.com prevent unnecessary injuries if the building is not safe to Taxi re-enter. 16. Consult recognized literature and Budget Calculator Spreadsheet list five common causes of fire and their prevention. identify the source used.
Children Playing With Matches: Keep matches and flammables away from children and teach them to give matches etc. to adults. Careless Smokers: A person who smokes should extinguish smoking materials in Form, a proper place and Tom's Tefl: Interview Skills Evaluation never smoke in bed. Taxi. Electrical Fire: Always use proper extension cords; never overload a circuit and never use in water. Portable Heater: Heaters should not be used around combustible materials. Make sure heaters are turned off when leaving your house or before going to bed.
Cooking Accident: Always turn the Business Template. Royalty Free pot handles inward and keep children away from flames. SOURCE: IFSTA Essentials of Firefighting, Third Edition. 17. What is the importance of inspection and public fire education programs to the community and to fire department public relations? Public relations relative to inspection programs cannot be underestimated. The Fire Inspector must make sure that the purpose of the inspection is understood by the owner. An effort by Taxi Receipt Form, Fire Inspectors to create a favorable impression upon the owner will help to create a courteous and cooperative relationship. 18. 5+ Salary Advance Request Letter | Forklift Resume. Describe procedures to use when conducting fire prevention inspections in private dwellings.
Owner should be notified to obtain permission and explain the purpose of inspection. Taxi Receipt. Inspector should make notes of the outward appearance of the property. The inspector will have a final interview with the owner to Household explain the findings and Taxi discuss any unfavorable conditions. A follow-up visit will be made to see if the owner has any problems or questions. 19. Describe local procedures for shutting off electrical and gas services to a building during an emergency response by your department. Electrical Service: With full protective clothing, the meter can be pulled or removed by a downward motion. Gas Service: With full protective clothing, the gas meter can be turned off with the opposite Letter For Dental Assistant | Whitneyport-Daily.com, end of the Receipt Form spanner wrench at the meter.
All non-emergencies should be turned over to the utility companies. 20. Prepare a list of all of the equipment carried on the f ire apparatus that you are currently assigned to. Also include the year, manufacturer, type of apparatus, size and manufacturer of pump, tank capacity, amount and size of hose and number and types of nozzles. 21. Cover | Whitneyport-Daily.com. Identify and list the location, duration and manufacturer of all SCBA's and Taxi Receipt spare cylinders on the apparatus. The SCBA's are located: 1 on Household Calculator | Haisume, the Captain's side and 3 on the driver's side with spare cylinder on each side.
The SCBA are rated for 30 minutes of air made by Scott Air. 22. Receipt Form. Describe your department' s policies and procedures for routine and periodic maintenance and inspection procedures for SCBA' s. Include a description of the record keeping system used to document this maintenance. cylinder - Inspection on aluminum five (5) years and composite three (3) years. valve - Daily harness - Daily regulator - Daily low/high pressure hoses - Daily Maintenance records are kept at Profit Strategic Template.jpg, Headquarters along with supply for repairs. 23. List the items carried on your apparatus that may be used for forcible entry and describe their use.
Pick head axe: Used for gaining entry. Flat head axe: Used for gaining entry and Taxi used as a hammer. K-12 saw: Used for venting and cutting. Pry bar: Used for prying. Bolt Cutters: Used for cutting locks.
24. List the type of Business Strategic ladders carried on your apparatus. Include their length, construction and material. Give a brief description of the uses of each type. 10 Foot Aluminum Folding/Attic Ladder: This ladder is easy to handle in tight places, such as hallways, closets and for attic use.
14 Foot Aluminum Roof Ladder: This ladder is used for anchoring over the peak of the Taxi roof, so the firefighter has something solid to stand on. It can also be used for a single ladder. Request Letter Sample. 24 Foot Aluminum Extension Ladder: This ladder can be raised by the Halyard to the appropriate place to gain entrance.